It was not necessarily written to the believers in the city of Ephesus. “Honor your father and mother”—which is the first commandment with a promise— Read verse in New International Version Written in 62 A.D. Apostle Paul explains the identity of the newcomers in Christ both Jews and Gentiles having been brought together into one body with Jesus Christ at the head. As a large population center on a major trade route and the capital of the Roman province of Asia, Ephesus was considered the “Gateway to Asia”. Paul probably wrote his letter to the Ephesians while under house arrest in Rome (). 6 It is beyond the scope of this brief background study to evaluate the entire debate over authorship. 2: 6-7 Pressure is put on good men to silence them. For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms. There are various dimensions of what people often call "spiritual warfare," but one dimension we sometimes miss is the mundane, day-to-day way we treat each other and walk with God…, Some people used Ephesians 6:5-9 alongside Greek, Roman, and Arab discussions of slavery to support the kind of slavery practiced in the Americas, but a simple knowledge of the nature…. All rights reserved. The epistle (letter) to Ephesus is divided into two parts. Ephesians 4:6, ESV: "one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all." Ephesians Historical Background for Passage Originally named Ephesians. Research and Commentary from Dr. Craig Keener, Slavery in the Bible: Paul writes to the Ephesians. Ephesians 6:3 Deut. 11 Put on the full armor of God so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes. ***** INTRODUCTION. There are 41 commands in Ephesians, 1 of which is found in chapters 1-3. 11 Put on the full armor of God so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes. (Ephesians 6:10–17). New Testament scholar N.T. It was a large temple dedicated to a goddess named Diana (Artemis). As Robert Deffinbaugh notes, the church in Ephesus was one of “the most well taught churches that ever existed” with Paul ministering there for nearly three years and Timothy, Paul’s close aide, ministering there after Paul left. On a battlefield or near a fort, the enemy might scatter barbed spikes or … Retrieved from http://www.abideinchrist.com/messages/ephintro.html, Timeline of the apostle Paul (n.d.). Ephesians 6:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 6:4, NIV: "Fathers, do not exasperate your children; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord." Retrieved from https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/paul/timeline.cfm, Watson, J.D. Retrieved from https://bible.org/seriespage/1-uniqueness-ephesians-among-epistles, Letters to the church: Ephesians (2012). Ephesians 6:4, ESV: "Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord." For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places” (Ephesians 6:11–12; emphasis added), encourages the Saints to guard themselves on several fronts in order to keep the tide of apostasy at bay. Ephesians 6:15 talks about fitting our feet with the readiness that comes from the gospel of peace. Additionally, Paul wrote the Book of Ephesians while imprisoned in Rome and unsure of what fate awaited him. Wright, N.T. Retrieved from http://www.christianinconnect.com/ephesians.htm, Deffinbaugh, R. (2004). Ephesians is placed in this time period because of its close association to Colossians-Philemon and the probability that Tychicus delivered both letters (Eph. Sing and make music in your heart to the Lord, 20 always giving thanks to God the Father for everything, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. Introduction from the NIV Study Bible | Go to Ephesians Author, Date, and Place of Writing. This letter was written at least ten years after 1 Thessalonians. The Purpose For Writing This Letter Paul does not write this letter to the Ephesi-ans to rebuke them for any irregularity of con-duct, like he does the Corinthians, nor for any perversion of the gospel, as he does the Gala-tians. Vs. 10 Finally: Paul is concluding his message to the Church at Ephesus. Contrasted to that are the 40 commands Paul gives them in chapters 4-6 (thanks to Dr. Oster for initially pointing that out to me). (2004). By taking into account the audience, the author, and the characteristics, the context of the Book of Ephesians rounds into view. The Religious Right Has It All Wrong. 1. 8 Things Millennials Say Would Bring Them Back To Church. The Ephesians were familiar with the idea of the gods giving armor to mythical heroes: thus Paul's allusion would be appropriate. Wright suggests that it may have been written as a circular letter to the church in Ephesus to be distributed to several young churches in the Ephesus region. Ephesians 4:6, KJV: "One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all." Ephesians gives no hint of Paul’s release from prison as do Philippians (1:19-26) and Philemon (22); therefore, it may well have been written in the early part of his stay, or around AD 60. The uniqueness of Ephesians among the epistles. As such, people from across the region traveled to Ephesus to visit the Temple and an industry of blacksmiths served them by creating trinkets and statues of the goddess. Ephesians chapter 6 is one of the most thorough treatments of the spiritual war in the New Testament, it is but one of many texts which sheds light on this subject. The gospel had continued to advance in Asia, Macedonia, and Greece. On his return from Jerusalem, Paul travels to Ephesus and establishes there his longest ministry in any one location. The letter does not seek to correct errors as does his letters to Corinth or Galatia nor is it a teaching epistle. The epistle (letter) to Ephesus is divided into two parts. Prior to writing his Epistle to the Ephesians in 60–61 AD, Paul had an established ministry in Ephesus. The teacher and the student taking a final walk through the figurative church; to divine in Ephesians 1 through 3, God’s plan for His church, prayers for His believers, and salvation for Jews and Gentiles alike. Additionally, Ephesus was home to a large community of Jews who had a synagogue in the city. ; Ephesians 6:24 Or Grace and immortality to all who love our Lord Jesus Christ. Background on Ephesians . Wright states that “it offers a breathtaking view of the entire landscape” and Pastor Robert Deffinbaugh calls it the “high road of New Testament revelation”. Letユs see how these evils make up part of our society (Stott wrote a book on Ephesians メNew Societyモ). Ephesians 6:11-17 - Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. (Ephesians 6:18, NIV) Every smart soldier knows they must keep the lines of communication open to their Commander. The letter to the Ephesians has been called the crown of Pauline theology. Paul probably wrote his letter to the Ephesians while under house arrest in Rome (). Trump is a “Test,” Not Their Savior. Because it was also at an intersection of major trade routes, Ephesus became a commercial center. The Book of Ephesians is held in great reverence by both Biblical scholars and lay people. And lastly, the style of the writing is as Baptist missionary Wil Pounds describes as “the language of a lyrical prayer” and there is “nothing like this in Paul’s other letters”. Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God. In Chapter 6 of Ephesians, Paul began by urging believers to be in harmony with their own family. 6:21-22; Col. 4:7-9) 3. Author – The Apostle Paul Date – The letter to the Ephesians was written during Paul’s Roman imprisonment between 60 and 62 AD.. Ephesians: Background • Context: Written in 61-62, when Paul was a prisoner in Rome (cf. 6:21-22; Col. 4:7-9) 3. Paul cautions us to pray for others as well. Dad should take the initiative to make sure that plans and processes and people are in place to build a vision of God and truth and holiness into the lives of the children. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in … 5 18 Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Ephesians Historical Background We must understand Ephesus if we want to understand the Book of Ephesians. Ephesians 6:21-22 Tychicus (too-key-kos'), the dear brother and faithful servant in the Lord, will tell you everything, so that you also may know how I am and what I am doing. Copyright © 2021 by Craig Keener. One of the seven wonders of the world was in Ephesus. A. Ephesians 5:18-6:9. “Finally, be strong in the Lord and in his mighty power. show. So what makes the Book of Ephesus so special in relation to the other books of the New Testament that Paul penned? Clearly, Paul wanted to drive home the point of his imprisonment as he starts Ephesians 3 with “For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner of Christ Jesus” and Ephesians 4 with “As a prisoner for the Lord”. I. 3. Ephesians 6:10-12 . 2. THE NATURE OF THE WARFARE IS SPIRITUAL. Ephesians 6 Children, obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right. For example, in chapters 1-3 Paul depicts the birth and purpose of the church while in the later section, we get a picture of what the church is to look and function like. God has orders for us, through his Word and the promptings of the Holy Spirit. The city of Ephesus was a large commercial port city in Asia Minor (present day Turkey) located at the mouth of the Cayster River near the Aegean Sea. In Ephesians 4 through 6, the members of the church doing good work on behalf of the unity of the church, for themselves, and in their relationship with others. By exploring who the audience and the author of the book were, as well as delving into the characteristics of the book, the full depth of the Book of Ephesians is revealed. This means that in this epistle the teachings and thoughts of the Apostle Paul reach their loftiest form. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Ephesians 6:16 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "THE SHIELD OF FAITH" EPH 6:16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. In the first part (Chapters 1-3), Paul instructs the church where they stand in Christ. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in … “Finally, be strong in the Lord and in his mighty power. Paul for everyone: the prison letters. Paul was never to return to Ephesus. 3:1, 4:1).Paul is sending the slave Onesimus back to his master Philemon, in the care of Tychicus. In addition to the contribution of Ephesians chapter 6, we may add several other observations concerning the spiritual war which will help us in our study of Ephesians 6:10-20. First, the Book of Ephesians is not a personal letter such as those written to Timothy, Titus, or Philemon nor does it speak of Paul’s personal plans. Ephesus was the most important city in western Asia Minor (now Turkey). Put on the full armor of God, so that you can take your stand against the devil’s schemes. Here the doctrine of chapters 1-3 and the application of 4:1-6:9 meet as Paul describes our everyday war against the schemes of Satan. Paul stated that this was the first commandment with a promise, which says that honoring one’s mother and father will lead to a happy and long life. 12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms. I. Can’t Do Nationalism Without Nationalists. Retrieved from http://www.thescripturealone.com/EphIntro.htm. c. a.d. 62 Ephesus was a wealthy port city in the Roman province of Asia. He knows prayer strengthens us and keeps us alert to his deception. In the first part (Chapters 1-3), Paul instructs the church where they stand in Christ. It was probably written c. a.d. 62, while Paul was in prison in Rome (Acts 27–28). with this epistle (Ephesians 6:21) and the one Paul sent to Colossae (Colossians 4:7). As Acts 19 describes, one of Paul’s first works was to re-baptise twelve disciples in the name of Jesus who had been baptised by the Jewish-Christian Apollos in the name of John. Ephesians is pretty clearly divided into two sections – Ephesians 1-3 & 4-6. Ephesians September 2, 2011 Some people used Ephesians 6:5-9 alongside Greek, Roman, and Arab discussions of slavery to support the kind of slavery practiced in the Americas, but a simple knowledge of the nature… Ephesus was a large prosperous city in Asia Minor. 11 Put on the whole armor of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. The final section of Ephesians (6:10-24) sees the apostle calling us to stand firm against the cosmic powers of darkness that seek to destroy us. The Book of Ephesians was written to “God’s holy people in Ephesus” (Ephesians 1:1, NIV). THE NATURE OF THE WARFARE IS SPIRITUAL. 5:16; Ephesians 6:4 Or Parents; Ephesians 6:23 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family. Ephesians 6:10-12 . Additionally, the city of Ephesus was known as a center of pagan worship as the Temple of the Greek goddess Artemis (Roman goddess Diana), considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was located just outside of the city limits. For a full treatment, reference Hoehner, Ephesians , 2-61. We are not wrestling against flesh and blood. There are no more lessons to be taught and now is the time for the student to reflect on the overarching purpose of the teaching; becoming a church created in Jesus Christ and in the glory of God. American Baptist theologian, W. O. We have a teacher in Paul facing his earthly demise passing on potentially final thoughts to his most prized student in the church of Ephesus. That command is found in 2:12 – “remember”. First, when Paul says, “There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all” (Ephesians 4:4–6), he may be speaking to members of the Church who struggled with seeing Gentiles and Jews as one. (n.d.). Do Americans Understand How Bad Trumponomics is Going to Be For Them? Introduction to Ephesians. And as that walk comes to an end, Paul signals that it is time to put on the Armor of God: Finally, be strong in the Lord and in his mighty power. That command is found in 2:12 – “remember”. http://www.christianinconnect.com/ephesians.htm, https://bible.org/seriespage/1-uniqueness-ephesians-among-epistles, https://www.biblegateway.com/blog/2012/08/letters-to-the-church-ephesians/, http://www.abideinchrist.com/messages/ephintro.html, https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/paul/timeline.cfm, http://www.thescripturealone.com/EphIntro.htm, Joshua Harris: the trainwreck reality T.V. Therefore put on the full armor of God, so that when the day of evil comes, you may be able to stand your ground, and after you have done everything, to stand. N.T. Ephesians 6:4, KJV: "And, ye fathers, provoke not your … Our heart, emotions, body and will all make up part of our sin nature which separate us from God (Is 59:2. By examining the characteristics of the epistle or letter, we gain insight into why it is held in lofty regard. For a full treatment, reference Hoehner, Ephesians , 2-61. For instance, children were urged to follow the commandment of obeying their parents in the Lord. Today Mike gives a deep dive into the background and meaning of Ephesians 6:10-20. During this time “God did extraordinary miracles through Paul, so that even handkerchiefs and aprons that had touched him were taken to the sick, and their illnesses were cured and the evil spirits left them.” (Acts 19:11–12). Paul first comes in contact with Ephesus when leaving Corinth to travel to Jerusalem in 53 AD. Introduction and overview of Ephesians. The apostle Paul wrote this letter to Christians living in the small city of Colossae. He also sent along the letter to the Colossian church. Carver described the Book of Ephesians as “the greatest piece of writing in all history” and English poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge called it “the divinest composition of man”. 1:6-7,9 Good is more easily affected by evil than evil by good. Instead, be filled with the Spirit. 3:7,13; 4:1; 6:19–20).Some have taken the absence of the usual personal greetings and the verbal similarity of many parts to Colossians, among other reasons, as grounds for doubting authorship by the apostle Paul. Such was the success and demand for Paul’s ministry that the blacksmiths who made idols for the goddess Artemis saw their business decline and their economic way of life threatened. Ephesians 6:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ephesians 6:4, NIV: "Fathers, do not exasperate your children; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord." Paul stated that this was the first commandment with a promise, which says that honoring one’s mother and father will lead to a happy and long life. For instance, children were urged to follow the commandment of obeying their parents in the Lord. Ephesians 6:11-17 - Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. Vs. 10 Finally: Paul is concluding his message to the Church at Ephesus. Contrasted to that are the 40 commands Paul gives them in chapters 4-6 (thanks to Dr. Oster for initially pointing that out to me). 6 It is beyond the scope of this brief background study to evaluate the entire debate over authorship. Some people used Ephesians 6:5-9 alongside Greek, Roman, and Arab discussions of slavery to support the kind of slavery practiced in the Americas, but a simple knowledge of the nature…. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Ephesians 6:16 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "THE SHIELD OF FAITH" EPH 6:16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. The author of the Book of Ephesus was the Apostle Paul. It had a harbor that at that time opened into the Cayster River (see map, p. 2429), which in turn emptied into the Aegean Sea (see map, p. 2599). Ephesians chapters 1-3 wonderfully expound the Gospel while Ephesians chapters 4-6 provide a clear picture of how those doctrines change our lives. A. All three letters were sent with Tychicus and Onesimus. Connections: The primary link to the Old Testament in Ephesians is in the startling (to the Jews) concept of the church as the body of Christ (Ephesians 5:32). Acts 19:8–10 goes on to state that Paul spent three months in the synagogue “arguing persuasively about the kingdom of God”, but after being maligned by the Jews of the synagogue then spent two years having “discussions daily in the lecture hall of Tyrannus” with both Jews and Gentiles. (Originally submitted on 9/3/14 for the BIB203A Interpreting the Bible class taught by Robert Marquardt at Colorado Christian University, CAGS), An overview of the book of Ephesians (2001). With immoral goddess prostitutes the riot, Paul left Ephesus in approximately 56 AD to go to Macedonia might! 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