One night Shivaji entered Shaista’s camp with his men dressed in the guise of a marriage party. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb: Right from the time of Akbar, the Mughal emperors were following the Deccan policy traditionally. The Hindus were not allowed to occupy high administrative or executive posts. Aurangzeb 1636-44 in the time of Shah Jahan By the time the Sub-South remained as the Subedar and made Aurangabad the capital of the South Suburbs of the Mughals. This empire was also very vast and prosperous, so Aurangzeb wanted to have it under his control. Sikandar Adilshah died in a short life of 32 years. Aurangzeb, therefore, attempted to destroy the power of the Rajputs and annex their kingdoms. The religious fanaticism of Aurangzeb overshadowed his virtues. Aurangzeb deliberately reversed the policy of his predecessors toward non-Muslim subjects by trying to enforce the principles and practices of the Islamic state. The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda. Every torment I have inflicted, every sin I have committed, every wrong have done, I carry the consequence with me. After the death of Shambhaji, the struggle continued with the Mughals of the Marathas under the leadership of his half brother Rajaram, who is famous for the freedom struggle in Maratha history. Shaista Khan barely escaped his life, but his thumb was cut off. The Hindus were not allowed to burn their dead on the banks of the river Sabarmati in Ahmedabad. In the words of Lane-Poole, “For the first time in their history, the Mughals beheld a rigid Muslim in their emperor—a Muslim as sternly repressible of himself as of his people around him, a king who was prepared to stake his throne for sake of his faith. Aurangzeb wanted to end the independent existence of the states of the South, because it was impossible to eliminate the power of the. According to Elliot, the object of reimposing the Jaziya or poll tax “was to curb the infidels and to distinguish the land of the faithful from an infidel land.” Manucci however, holds that the object of the tax was two-fold; first to fill up his treasury which had begun to shrink on account of expenditure on his various military campaigns; secondly to force the Hindus to embrace Islam. Answer: Aurangzeb wanted to crush the growing powers of the Maratha’s. His reversal of Akbar’s policy of religious toleration resulted in weakening the entire structure of the Mughal empire. sikarsuman@gmail.com He imposed Jajiya on all the Hindus in the country. Shahu won this war with the help of Balaji vishwanath who became the Peshwa. He attacked Bijapur which was ruled by the Adil Shahi dynasty. Holi and Diwali festivals were allowed to be celebrated with certain restrictions. A general order prohibiting the employment of the Hindus in the revenue department was passed in 1670. His Deccan campaigns against the Shia Sultans were also the outcome of his expansionist policy. They had acted as pillars of support, but Aurangzeb’s policy turned them to bitter foes. Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618 AD. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Shivaji initiated his attack first by capturing the fort of Torangarh and then eventually constructed a series of forts all over the Deccan region. 4. For the Hindus the only way to escape from the payment of various taxes like pilgrim tax, trade tax, Jizya, etc. The messenger board was welcomed, which was gifted by 60 Arabic horses and a round of 37 carat pearls and Shah’s choice paan leaves were gifted as gifts. The extension of the empire was also one of the purposes of Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb relied on the friendship of Rajput and this was clear when he appointed Maharaja Jaisingh to handle with Shivaji in Deccan. Shivaji at the age of 19 inherited his family's wealth and land and rose to the status of chieftain operating from the western ghats near Pune. 1676 AD In the Mughal suburb, Periyar Khan, forced Bijapur’s minister Siddi Masood to join the treaty. On the place called Bohan near Ujjain, Shah Jahan’s dear wife Mumtaz Mahal was born in the womb. Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. He therefore, imposed different kinds of taxes. Aurangzeb wanted to end the independent existence of the states of the South, because it was impossible to eliminate the power of the Marathas without ending their existence. Aurangzeb made his first coronation on July 21, 1658, in Delhi after the conquest of Samujarh and after assuming power in Agra and assumed the title of Abul Muzaffar Alamgir. Over 70 Maratha sardars actually assembled to receive Shahu. The Hindu traders were required to pay a toll tax of 5 per cent as against half of it paid by the Muslim traders. , again on 5 June 1659 AD. Stress the evolution of Mughal Deccan policy from Akbar to Aurangzeb. In the five independent Sultanates of the South, Barar was enacted in 1574 AD. Aurangzeb reversed the policy which was enunciated by Akbar and pursued by Jahangir and Shah Jahan. About the letters Dr. V. Smith says that “The sternest critic of the character and deeds of Aurangzeb can hardly refuse to recognise the pathos of these lamentations or to feel some sympathy for the old man on his lonely death-bed.”, “My years have gone by profitless. After Aurangzeb’s enthronement, a Persian envoy led by Budaag Velas was sent to the Mughal court, which Manuichi described in his book Stories The Mogor very much. It led to several conflicts and wars in different parts of the country. Getting jobs after conversion also became easier. 5. It should not happen that Musalmans be killed and the reproach should fall on the head of this useless creature. The general view of historians is that Aurangzeb entirely reversed the policy of religious toleration followed by Akbar and it resulted in serious revolts among the Hindus. He lost the support of the Rajputs who had contributed greatly to the strength of the Empire. Aurangzeb followed this policy as a matter of legacy. Whatever I look I see only God. To be honest, Padunath's Aurangzeb series (5 volumes) and Shivaji & His Times deserve a sweeping read through for this same reason. It is a historical fictional novel. Total Views : 5,797. Marathas constantly employed guerilla warfare tactics, scorched earth policy, attacked and plundered Mogul supplies and campaigns at will. 1. Shivaji also began raiding trading establishmen… Archives Test 5 : History Optional Mains Marathon Q1.Akbar build Mughal Empire by enlisting support of Rajput, Aurangzeb destroyed it by eliminating them. Since Hindus were quite rich, they had to bear the burden of various taxes. The Hindiis could no longer put on fine clothes. May 18, 1637 AD Aurangzeb was married to Princess Dilrass Bano Begum (Rabiya Bibi) of the Persian monarchy. The earliest reference to the term Maratha Dharma is found in the Guru Charitra of the 15th century in the context of an ethical policy of a great enlightened state. In Murtaza Khan mixed with Ahmad Nagar, and in 1619 AD to Bidar. These letters also indicate that he himself considered himself a failure as a ruler. All sorts of promises were made to the converted. Though my trust be in the mercy of goodness of God, I deplore my sins. Results of the religious policy of Aurangzeb: The religious fanaticism of Aurangzeb overshadowed his virtues. Aurangzeb maintained the empire for nearly half a century and in fact extended it in the south as far as Tanjore (now Thanjavur) and Trichinopoly (now Tiruchchirappalli). Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was the founder of the Maratha Empire and he passed away in 1680. However, Aurangzeb cancelled the arrangements at the last minute, as he was uncertain about the intentions of the Maratha. Despite constant threat from the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, the Sambhaji-led Maratha forces never lost a battle to the forces led by Aurangzeb for eight consecutive years. Akbar had abolished this tax on the Hindus but Aurangzeb again levied this tax. DISCLAIMER : This article is a translation of original Hindi article. ), राजस्थान(GDS) सर्कल के लिए डाक सेवक भर्ती का परिणाम जारी-2020, भाभा परमाणु शोध केन्द्र में जूनियर रिसर्च फेलोशिप के 105 पदों पर भर्ती, भारतीय नौसेना(Indian Navy) में शाॅर्ट सर्विस कमीशन ऑफिसर के लिए भर्ती-2020, RPSC ने असिस्टेंट प्रोफेसर के 918 पदों के लिए नोटिफिकेशन जारी, IB ACIO 2020-21 Recruitment: मिनिस्ट्री ऑफ होम अफेयर्स(MHA) ने इंटीलिजेंस ब्यूरो(IB) के पदों पर नोटिफिकेशन जारी, REET-2020 राजस्थान के शिक्षा मंत्री ने कहा जल्दी जारी होगा रीट नोटिफिकेशन, UPSC कंबाइंड डिफेंस सर्विसेज(CDS-2) परीक्षा का परिणाम जारी, बेसिल(BECIL) ने ग्रुप बी और सी के 727 पदों की भर्ती लिए आवेदन जारी, राजस्थान पटवार भर्ती परीक्षा का टाइम शेड्यूल जारी, साउथ वेस्टर्न रेलवें(South Western Railway) में अप्रेटिंस के 1004 पदों पर भर्ती. This victory greatly enhanced the prestige of the Maratha chief. It is said that as the destruction of Napoleon by the canker of Spain, destruction of the Deccan destroyed Aurangzeb. He hailed the Maratha army's might, stating that, "The arms, horses, and equipments of this force were in such excellent order, that no one of the royal or Hindustani armies had ever reached so high state of discipline!" also helped the rise of the Maratha power. Similar restrictions were placed at Delhi on the river Jamuna. 228, Mahima Kopal, Demolishing temples and breaking idols: Even as a governor of Deccan he had pulled down several temples including the important Chintamani temple of Ahmedabad which he replaced with a mosque. Forcing the, As a result of the Treaty of Purandar, Shivaji was handed over to his Mughals with four lakhs of rupees, and promised to help the Mughals against, Under the terms of the Treaty of Purandar, in the, 1690 AD Until the Mughal empire was on its climax, which spread from. You should accept my last will. Reference : https://www.indiaolddays.com/, Address Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Religious Policy of the Mughal Emperors | Indian History, Aurangzeb’s Rajput Policy Led To Conflict On Account Of the Following Factors, The Religious Policy of the Mughal Rulers in India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Come what will, I have launched my bark upon the waters! Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Strange that I came with nothing into the world and now go away with this stupendous caravan of sins! Mosques were built at the sites of different temples. Farewell!”, “Soul of my soul. Haig draws the picture of the religious policy of Aurangzeb in the following words: “Aurangzeb was a bigot to whom the religion of the great majority of his subjects was anathema, mischief, idolatry, which it was his duty before heaven to persecute and if possible to stamp out. He set his camp in Poona. View Entire Discussion (0 Comments) More posts from the MahrattaPosting community. Shah Alam led his forces to face Marathas at the Karnataka border, whereas Azam Shah attacked Khandesh. Ultimately all these contributed to the downfall of the Mughal enterprise. Posted by 1 day ago. 1682 AD In pursuing his son Shahjada Akbar, Aurangzeb reached South India but after that he did not get the opportunity to come to North India. Removal of the Hindus from Government jobs: Aurangzeb’s predecessors, especially Akbar had appointed a large number of Hindus in the various departments, but Aurangzeb followed the policy of removal of the Hindus from these jobs. His methods were iconoclasm, sacrilege, economic repression, bribery, forced conversion and restriction of worship.”. It is said that this is the graveyard of South India Aurangzeb. The Hindus were not allowed to occupy high administrative or executive posts. Total Subscribers : 724 All these rebellions destroyed the peace of the empire, disrupted its economy, weakened the administrative structure, diminished its military strength, led to the failure of Aurangzeb to make any impact. Aurangzeb in 1665 AD In the first instance, King Jaysingh (Jaipur) sent to repel. Aurangzeb welcomed Sikandar Adilshah, gave him the title of Khan and an annual pension of 1 lakh rupees. After Aurangzeb’s death Shahu was released and a civil war broke out between him and his aunt Tarabai who had continued the fight against the Mughals under her son Shivaji II. Religious policy of Aurangzeb was based on the Islamic theory of kinship. Content Guidelines 2. Jagatpura, Jaipur-303905, indiaolddays.com In the first year of his reign, he issued orders to the governor of Orissa to demolish all temples in the province. Enumerate the factors that shaped Aurangzeb’s religious policy. Aurangzeb felt that he was superior not only had he become superior to administer the empire in a better way but also to protect and strengthen Islam particularly its Sunni faith. Now I am going alone. I have greatly sinned and know not what torment awaits me. It is believed that extinction of the states of Bijapur and Golconda was a prior necessity for the destruction of the power of the Marathas in the Deccan. There is no hope for me in the future. But then he disturbed Mughal-Rajput relationship by unnecessarily interfering in affairs of Marwar and Mewar. The most famous of the temples destroyed were those of Keshva (Krishan Janmabhoomi) in Mathura, Vishwanath in Varanasi and Somnath in Kathiawar. And conquering the fort of the Mughals, Shivaji’s first struggle with the Mughals was 1656 AD. A new strategy of Maratha expansion began with Bajirao taking over as Peshwa in 1720 A.D. Now the systematic expansion towards North became the definite and declared policy of the Marathas. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy. was conversion to Islam. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Shahjada sent Shahlam to attack the. The Maratha campaign continually drained … A few historians have tried to justify Aurangzeb’s religious policy. It is generally accepted that Aurangzeb was a fanatic Sunni Mussalman. He followed this practice vigorously after becoming emperor of India. A general order prohibiting the employment of the Hindus in the revenue department was passed in 1670. Jai Singh defeated him on June 22, 1665. He placed restrictions on the starting of new pathshalas. Raja Jaswant Singh betrayed Aurangzeb one night before his main battle with Shah Jahan's army by fleeing from his rearguard entrenchment massacring and looting all the Mughals there, which led Aurangzeb to forever hold a grudge against Jaswant Singh and the Rathores. Rajwade formulated the idea that it was Maratha Dharma that led to the political independence of the Marathas based on aggressive Hinduism. They state that this policy was the outcome of his political and economic considerations. In accordance with this policy in 1723 he made an incursion into Malwa, collected chauth, which deeply hurt the Mughal Empire. Then it started when Shivaji attacked Ahmednagar and, Aurangzeb in 1660 AD In the south of Mughal subedar. During the time of Aurangzeb the Deccan situation was completely different due to the rise of Marathas under the brave leadership of Shivaji. To make his formal coronation in Delhi. 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