Bloom Color Family. Although both are commonly called laurels, English laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) and laurelwood (Calophyllum inophyllum) have completely different botanical family trees. A Hambidge Fellow, Lynn studied English at Columbus State University. Prunus laurocerasus (English Laurel) is a vigorous, broad, spreading evergreen shrub with dense, erect branches clothed in handsome, lustrous, dark green leaves (6 in. The white five-petalled flowers form a loose cluster and have a pleasant fragrance. Cherry Laurel is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Evergreen. It grows 8 to 10 feet tall. 1 Review Add Your Review. The contrasting stem and leaf colour of Portuguese Laurel creates an impressive visual effect and its ability to thrive in difficult conditions makes it a preferred alternative than the popular Cherry Laurel. To control larger plants, cut stems and trunks by hand or chainsaw, cutting as close to the ground as possible, and remove stems to make it easier to control re-growth. For more information see No… English laurel is often grown as a hedge, because it tolerates even severe pruning. This plant blooms in the spring. It tends to gum up blades while cutting. Cherry laurel wood contains a lot of water. Collected plants have varied from immature plants to flowering or fruiting trees. Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Also known as the English Laurel, this is a hardy laurel that is very popular in the southern part of the United States. Ornamental Features. We are also gathering information on effective control methods. Prunus laurocerasus is the original species of Common Laurel. The wild tree is usually a large shrub, but it can grow into a tall tree, even rarely over 50 feet tall. As stated above, make sure to follow all local, state and federal rules regarding herbicide use at your site. Glossy foliage on a dense, vase-shaped form displaying a layered effect. Herbicides may not be allowable in all locations, so contact your local jurisdiction about permitting requirements or restrictions. Rating: 100 % of 100. According to the University of Washington Herbarium records, botanists have collected specimens of English laurel from naturalized populations in 7 western Washington counties, mostly around the Puget Sound area. Rating: 100 % of 100. Read the product label carefully for rate, timing and safety precautions. This cultivar is named for a location ("-ensis" is a suffix added to a place, meaning "from" that place), the Schipka pass in the mountains separating India from Nepal. English Laurel. It is medium-fast growing although not quite as quick growing as Cherry Laurel. This plant is otherwise known as the cherry laurel, common laurel, or English laurel. The fruit is not edible. English, or cherry, laurel is a member of the rose family (Rosaceae), while laurelwood, or Alexandrian laurel, is a member of the Guttiferae family. Glendurgan’s maze at Glendurgan National Trust Garden in Cornwall is made completely from Cherry Laurel. This should be done regularly throughout the growing season over several years until the plant stops sending up new shoots. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. It is important to stress that English laurel is produced and sold in Washington and Oregon and there are no regulations or limits on its sale or use in landscaping. To avoid regrowth, stumps should be turned upside down and soil should be brushed off roots. Laurelwood produces creamy white flowers from late spring through summer that are followed by marble-sized white berries. Types of Laurel Hedging Cherry Laurel – Prunus laurocerasus. I am referring to Cherry Laurels (of which the Otto Luyken cultivar is heavily used) and Skip Laurels. 6717. It has a dense habit, spreading twice as high as it is high. Audrey Lynn has been a journalist and writer since 1974. English Laurel; Phonetic Spelling PROO-nus law-roh-ser-AY-sus This plant has high severity poison characteristics. In King County, English laurel is most commonly found invading urban parks and forests, especially in the Seattle area, but escaped populations can be found throughout the county. However, if you know of any heavily infested forests, especially outside of the urban growth area, we would be interested in having that information. Impacts of English laurel include out-competing native forest species such as tree seedlings and native shrubs and replacing native canopy trees over time. To contact staff, see the Noxious Weed Control Program Directory, send an email, or call 206-477-WEED (206-477-9333). See more. English Laurel. Although it is legal to sell and grow it in Washington, English laurel is classified as a Weed of Concern in King County and its control is recommended in natural areas that are being restored to native vegetation and in protected forest lands. It tends to split and distort while drying. They are technically in the Prunus genus and they are not “true” laurels at all! Its glossy, evergreen leaves are smaller than English laurel's. The cherry laurels of the genus Prunus will be discussed in detail. Attracts Hummingbirds. Cherry laurel definition, a rosaceous evergreen shrub or small tree, Prunus laurocerasus, of Eurasia, having clusters of white flowers and dark purple fruit. Tiny flowers have sweet fragrance. Housman’s poem, To an Athlete Dying Young: “And early though the laurel grows, It withers quicker than the rose.” Despite the brief flowering season, Prunus laurocerasus is not a shrub to underestimate. Housman’s poem, To an Athlete Dying Young: “And early though the laurel grows, It withers quicker than the rose.” Despite the brief flowering season, Prunus laurocerasus is not a shrub to underestimate. English Laurel; Phonetic Spelling PROO-nus law-roh-ser-AY-sus This plant has high severity poison characteristics. How Do I Calculate Home Value to Loan Ratio? Prunus laurocerasus, also known as the English laurel in North America, is a small tree or shrub native to southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. Skip Laurel will produce white flower spikes in the spring that are fragrant. Related to cherry trees, English laurel gets its common name from its resemblance to the true laurel tree. The leaves are oval or elliptical and somewhat thick and leathery. It came to America with the early settlers, who knew a useful plant when they saw one, but before that it … The Cherry laurel (Prunus laurocerasus), also called English laurel, grows naturally around the Black Sea, as well as in Turkey and in Iran. Wood. She edited a weekly home-and-garden tabloid for her hometown newspaper and has regularly contributed to weekly and daily newspapers, as well as "Law and Order" magazine. English laurel is on the monitor list of the Washington State Noxious Weed List. The species has also escaped into the wild in a few places in California. English laurel's waxy, dark green foliage remains green all year long. In spring, it produces fragrant white racemes of flowers up to 4 inches long, followed by small, black berries. Portugal Laurel has a dark green leaf that is much smaller than the leaf of Cherry Laurel. Prunus laurocerasus (English Laurel) is a vigorous, broad, spreading evergreen shrub with dense, erect branches clothed in handsome, lustrous, dark green leaves (6 in. Cherry Laurel or English Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Mature Height/Spread: This evergreen, broadleaf shrub can grow to 20 feet but is generally kept smaller in the home landscape. Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Also known as the English Laurel, this is a hardy laurel that is very popular in the southern part of the United States. Stalks of fragrant white flowers appear in profusion in spring. The Carolina Cherry Laurel is found growing wild in the south-east, from North Carolina to Florida, and into Texas. Leaves are from 2 to 6 inches long and half as wide, and have tiny serrations on the margins. Large evergreen shrub has dense, erect branches and rich green leaves. Monitor stems for re-growth and break off any new stems. English laurel has escaped cultivation into forests and parks adjacent to developed areas and occasionally into more remote forests. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. Cherry Laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree that grows up to 20' tall and is dense and wide-spreading. See below Description. Cherry laurels bloom in spring and an easy way to remember the habits of this evergreen flowering shrub is to memorize the line from A.E. After cutting, plants are very likely to re-grow. The stems of Portugal Laurel are red when young and this contrasts well with the dark green leaves. These methods can be used on large stems that have not been cut down, although it may be easier to first cut off smaller side stems and foliage to access the main trunk. A handsome low hedge for filtered shade! The stems of Portugal Laurel are red when young and this contrasts well with the dark green leaves. Prunus Laurocerasus Rotundifolia is known by a number of different names which include: Cherry Laurel, Common Laurel, English Laurel, European Cherry Laurel, Laurier-armande, Cherry-bay and Versailles Laurel. English laurel is also poisonous. Botanical Name. This plant is tolerant of alkaline soils, dry and poor soils, pollution and heavy pruning. Zone 6 (0 to -10 degrees F) Fragrant. English laurel is on the monitor list of the Washington State Noxious Weed List. A smaller form of cherry laurel, tends to be wider than high; produces showy, fragrant, erect white spike flowers, black fruit and glossy dark-green leaves; makes a stunning hedge or accent plant, takes pruning very well. Program offices are located at 201 S. Jackson St., Suite 600, Seattle, WA 98104. Applying mulch to the area will reduce seedling growth. It requires full sun and grows best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11. Portugal Laurel has a dark green leaf that is much smaller than the leaf of Cherry Laurel. Although it is legal to sell and grow it in Washington, English laurel is classified as a Weed of Concern in King County and its control is recommended in natural areas that are being restored to native vegetation and in protected forest lands. Photograph by Sebastian Rittau via Flickr.. One thing to know about Prunus laurocerasus (which emits the pleasing fragrance of almonds when its leaves are crushed), is that it contains hydrogen cyanide, a poison.If ingested in large amounts, hydrogen cyanide can deplete the nervous system of oxygen and, in rare cases, even cause death. Laurel or sweet bay (Laurus nobilis) and mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) are briefly mentioned. Tolerant of salt spray. Be the first to review this product. Because it is spread by birds to remote areas, it has the potential to be a serious threat to native forest land in the Puget Sound region. According to a 2006 report on Seattle's urban forests, English laurel was the second most common invasive tree species, found on 67% of study plots with an average of 46 stems/acre (English holly was the most common invasive tree found in this study). Very hardy Cherry Laurel. For more information see Noxious weed lists and laws or visit the website of the Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. WaterWise. Prunus caroliniana, known as the Carolina laurelcherry, Carolina cherry laurel, cherry laurel, or Carolina cherry, is a small evergreen flowering tree native to the lowlands of Southeastern United States, from North Carolina south to Florida and westward to central Texas. According to the USDA Plants Database distribution map, English laurel is reported as naturalized in Washington, British Columbia, Oregon, and California. Laurel or sweet bay (Laurus nobilis) and mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) are briefly mentioned. It has large, thick glossy leaves that are evergreen, so it … Cherry laurels bloom in spring and an easy way to remember the habits of this evergreen flowering shrub is to memorize the line from A.E. The plant grows to about 20 feet tall but is often pruned to a more manageable, shrub-like size and shape for specimen plants and hedges. Full to partial sun. Schipka Cherry Laurel or simply Skip Laurel is a great evergreen shrub to use to form a hedge in your landscape. long (12 cm), are on display in mid-late summer. They are also a … Become a certified small business contractor or supplier, Find certified small business contractors and suppliers, Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board, University of Washington Herbarium records, E-Flora BC - Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia, Invasive Species Ireland - Best Practices Management Guideline, Citywide Habitat Assessment, Interim Report, March 2006, Seattle Urban Nature Project, Evergreen leaves are dark green on top and pale underneath, thick, shiny, large (3 to 8 inches long), oblong, abruptly pointed at the tips, alternate on the stems, and have finely toothed edges and short leaf stalks, Small white flowers in upright clusters (racemes) resemble cherry flowers, cup-shaped with 5 petals and fragrant, many yellow stamens, Produces small, purplish-black, cone-shaped, cherry-type fruits, also in clusters, Poisonous parts include wilted leaves, stems, and seeds (may be fatal if eaten), Reproduces through seeds, which are distributed by birds and possibly other animals, Also spreads laterally by layering (growing roots from stems where they touch the ground), When cut, English laurel will sucker from the roots and re-sprout from cut stems, Grows in sun or shade, moist or dry soils, but does best in moist, well-drained soils. Small white flowers in the spring, followed by glossy red cherries that eventually turn black. Full to partial sun. English laurel likes moist, well-drained and richly organic soil and grows best in full sun to partial shade. Because English laurel is already naturalized in many places in King County and is not on the State Noxious Weed List, we are not tracking locations. Laurel water, a distillation made from the plant, contains prussic acid (hydrogen cyanide) and other compounds and is toxic. Different from the English laurel, (Prunus laurocerasus), often also called ‘cherry laurel’, both these plants are surprise relatives of cherry, peach, and apricot trees. The plant thrives in USDA zones 6 through 9. SKU. English laurel is often found with a mix of native and non-native species. An evergreen species of cherry native to regions bordering the Black Sea in southwestern Asia and South Eastern Europe. In some cases, the English laurel was growing as a single tree or in small, patchy populations, but in other cases, there were substantial populations noted that included a range of ages from seedlings to fruiting trees. Schipka Cherry Laurel. The plants also have different characteristics and growth requirements. There is another type of plant that is also referred to as “laurel.” This is Prunus laurocerasus of the family Rosaceae (rose family). Ornamental Features. For large infestations or steep slopes, digging may not be the best method. It is not related to the true laurel, or Laurus nobilis. The plants barely reach heights of more than 18 metres (59 feet), and they bear simple glossy leaves that are arranged alternately along the stem. Dwarf English Laurels or Cherry Laurels (Prunus laurocerasus) can be great plants to use for foundation plantings and backdrops. Variations on the cut stump method that also work are frilling (chipping notches around the trunk and applying herbicide to the fresh cuts) or injecting herbicide into the trunk (this may require special injection tools). long (12 cm), are on display in mid-late summer. Laurels May Be Hardy, But Beware of Problems By Gil Medeiros, former Fairfax Master Gardener Laurels have become very popular landscape plants in Northern Virginia. English Laurel. Although both are commonly called laurels, English laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) and laurelwood (Calophyllum inophyllum) have completely different botanical family trees. 1 Review Add Your Review. In some parts of the country Cherry Laurel is called English Laurel, so when buying it look for it by its scientific name – Prunus laurocerasus – and you can’t go wrong. long or 15 cm). Cherry Laurels: A Field Guide. Cherry Laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree that grows up to 20' tall and is dense and wide-spreading. It is a quick-growing, evergreen, wide-spreading shrub that can grow up to 18ft (6 metres) in height. Rich of a strong plum fragrance, a profusion of tiny, creamy-white flowers held in upright racemes, 5 in. As a member of the Prunus genus, the benefits of attaining a Portuguese Laurel hedge are plentiful. Also, monitor the area for seedlings and pull them up. This is the species of Common Laurel (aka Cherry Laurel, English Laurel) from which most of the other varieties have been developed. Also known as Common Laurel and English Laurel. Cherry Laurels: A Field Guide. Make sure to use an appropriate surfactant and follow the label recommendations on timing and safety precautions. It is medium-fast growing although not quite as quick growing as Cherry Laurel. Tolerant of salt spray. Very fast-growing and tolerant of disturbance and a wide range of conditions, English laurel is a strong competitor and thrives in our climate. Cherry Laurel or English Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus) Mature Height/Spread: This evergreen, broadleaf shrub can grow to 20 feet but is generally kept smaller in the home landscape. In trade, it is often observed as 'Skipensis' and pronounced as Skip Cherry Laurel. Large evergreen shrub has dense, erect branches and rich green leaves. This plant blooms in the spring. There are five main options for controlling the re-growth after cutting: Dig out the stumps including as much root as possible. Birds like the black berry fruits that appear after flower blooms. Most King County offices will be closed on January 1, for New Year's Day. A popular choice for clipped hedges, group plantings or screens. Some older plants won't re-sprout very much, but left alone, all English laurel will re-grow to some extent. Glendurgan’s maze at Glendurgan National Trust Garden in Cornwall is made completely from Cherry Laurel. Immediately after cutting, treat stump by painting or spraying with glyphosate or triclopyr. The Centre Court Cherry Laurel is a selected, improved form of the Carolina cherry laurel, Prunus caroliniana. 6705. Above: Cherry laurel has white flowering spikes in spring. These shrubs are related to peach, plum, and other stone fruits. English laurel, also called cherry laurel, is a large evergreen shrub or small tree often used for landscaping, usually as a hedge. Rich of a strong plum fragrance, a profusion of tiny, creamy-white flowers held in upright racemes, 5 in. A popular choice for clipped hedges, group plantings or screens. I am referring to Cherry Laurels (of which the Otto Luyken cultivar is heavily used) and Skip Laurels. This plant is commonly found in urban forests in King County, Washington and can also be found escaping into more remote areas, usually spread by yard waste dumping or by birds eating the plant's cherry-like fruits (which are not palatable to people, and can be poisonous). The cherry laurels of the genus Prunus will be discussed in detail. Water weekly first year (2x per month after) Cold Hardiness. Mature laurel trees have deep and extensive roots so digging is labor-intensive and may result in considerable soil disturbance. In the wild, laurelwood inhabits sandy beaches but can also grow in sandy soils inland. Russian Laurel: Skip: Cherry Laurel: English Laurel: Common Laurel: General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Shrub Tree: Sun Requirements: Full Sun to Partial Shade: Water Preferences: Mesic: Soil pH Preferences: Moderately acid (5.6 – 6.0) Slightly acid (6.1 – 6.5) Minimum cold hardiness: Prunus laurocerasus. It has a dense habit, spreading twice as high as it is high. 6705. Native to southwestern Asia and southeastern Europe, this species has been widely introduced in Europe and North America, and has escaped cultivation in many areas, including the Pacific Northwest. Attracts Butterflies. Tiny flowers have sweet fragrance. long or 15 cm). Prunus laurocerasus 'Schipkaensis' SKU. Also called schipka, schip and cherry laurel, skip laurel’s foliage and appearance are very similar to bay laurel (Laurus nobilis). Cherry Laurel is a multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a more or less rounded form. Prunus Laurocerasus Rotundifolia is known by a number of different names which include: Cherry Laurel, Common Laurel, English Laurel, European Cherry Laurel, Laurier-armande, Cherry-bay and Versailles Laurel. New plantings are discouraged especially where it could impact forest lands. Prunus laurocerasus. The Difference Between Self-Pollination & Cross-Pollination, Washington State University Extension: Cherry Laurel -- Prunus Laurocerasus, Stanford University: Encyclopedia of Stanford Trees, Shrubs and Vines -- Prunus Laurocerasus, National Tropical Botanic Garden: Calophyllum Inophyllum, USDA Plants Database: Calophyllum Inophyllum. If the stumps are dug up, be sure to stabilize the area to prevent erosion and replant with appropriate trees and shrubs, especially on steep slopes. See below Description. This may be why they are often called “Cherry laurels” –cherries and plums are also Prunus species. An introduction to how Laurel can be used to create a beautiful hedge. Spray re-growth and seedlings with triclopyr or glyphosate diluted according to the product label for controlling brush. These shrubs are related to peach, plum, and other stone fruits. Many of the newer varieties, in particular Rotundifolia are now much more widely grown for hedging as they are more upright and… Laurels May Be Hardy, But Beware of Problems By Gil Medeiros, former Fairfax Master Gardener Laurels have become very popular landscape plants in Northern Virginia. SKU. Prunus laurocerasus. A smaller form of cherry laurel, tends to be wider than high; produces showy, fragrant, erect white spike flowers, black fruit and glossy dark-green leaves; makes a stunning hedge or accent plant, takes pruning very well. As it is a fast-growing shrub, English cherry laurel makes an excellent choice for a taller privacy hedge or border. New plantings are discouraged especially where it could impact forest lands. They are easy to spot with their thick, shiny leaves pointed at the tips. It is densely branched with broad evergreen leaves and prefers dappled light. Stems can be chipped and used as mulch or taken to a landfill. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Laurel Hedges are a unique group of plants, and they are particularly well-suited to hedging. English Laurel Hedge With rich evergreen foliage throughout the year and dense branches, English laurel or Prunus Laurocerasus is a popular hedge for those wanting a lush evergreen privacy screen. Full sun (6+ hours direct sun) Moisture Requirements. Light Requirements. If you have had any success (or failures) controlling this plant, please contact our office. Skip laurel – Prunus laurocerasus ‘Schipkaensis’ – is a hardy, dense-growing evergreen shrub commonly used for hedges and as cut greenery in floral arrangements. Here in Washington, English laurel is most common west of the Cascades. White. Leaving stems on moist ground might result in some stem-rooting, but it is unlikely, and if stems are chipped this shouldn't be a problem. Over 50 feet tall new stems escaped into the wild in the spring, followed by glossy cherries... 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