Read my article “Nitrates in Shrimp Tank. This plant is relatively tall, it grows up to 12 inches (~30 cm) in height and 6 – 8 inches (15 – 20 cm) in width. Most aquarists often think more light is best for the plants but this is not totally right. In this article, we will talk about everything related to them in the description but before that, let’s take a brief look at the table given below –. Gradually such a plant develops a rootstock and under the weight of it the latter gets gown to the tank b… Also, if the tank is set up correctly, it won’t develop any conditions. You can use lava rocks, driftwoods, or anything that has a rough surface like them. The rhizome grows horizontally, and sprouting out leaves and roots in the process. Java Ferns are lush, green plants that bring elegance and beauty to tanks, even without flowers. After this process, it starts growing at a slow rate. Java fern forms dense bushy mats which serve as a hideout for smaller fish or fry trying to escape being eaten by the adults. The leaves can grow to about 12 inches (30 cm) tall. But fish aren’t the only colorful residents you can keep in your […] Java ferns are a rhizome plant that does best when attached to … Java Ferns are quite hardy plants that can be easily kept in any freshwater tank. Treatment. You can read more about it in my article “Top 5 Plants for Your Shrimp Tank”. Several cultivars of Java fern exist. Your email address will not be published. Your java fern microsorum also loves oxygenated water, so aquariums with pump systems are ideal. These conditions are easy to set up and using filter and powerhead will be enough for proving enough oxygen to them. If you desire some jungle kind of effect in the tank then creating a Java fern wall is your best bet. Leaf propagation in Java Fern happens naturally and if you want to achieve thick dense vegetation you can leave the plant to its natural course of reproduction. Propagating Java Fern is very easy and doesn’t require any special conditions or work on your part. After a while, the roots will have attached itself firmly to the surface of the hardscape, and growth continues. Also, you can keep it with a wide variety of fishes and plants. In a tank Java fern uses only vegetative reproduction. Owning a freshwater crab can be a very worthwhile and unique experience. It’s important to change out 25% of your aquarium’s water every 2 weeks to remove any excess nutrients or fish waste and to keep the water fresh. For simplicity lets group aquarium plants into three orders. They can be treated with chemicals (pesticide) to remove parasites, snails, etc. Those in the aquarium hobby especially beginners will not have a problem cultivating this plant species, be rest assured that the success rate is very high and you will love it. The Windelov fern multiplies readily. You can read more about it in my article “Top 5 Plants for Your Shrimp Tank”. The leaves are about 4 – 8 inches (10 – 20 cm) in size and up to 12 inches (30 cm) in height. This plant can be grown without co2, fertilizer is recommended however not necessary. They function as a propagative means of the Java fern plant. Java fern is easy to cultivate, all you have to do is attach the rhizome of the plant to a hardscape like driftwood, rocks, etc. Java fern doesn’t need strong lighting conditions as this can burn the leaves and make them develop brown spots. This plant is hardy and undemanding, beautiful and it can live up to. So, if you are interested in getting into this hobby or just want some extra tips and tricks, well this is the right place for you. They will keep the roots from getting damaged. In contrast, the plant can grow up to 12 inches. I consider it necessary because the Java fern is a slow grower, dosing it with fertilizers is capable of improving its growth rate. Java Ferns, Microsorum Pteropus, is an aquatic fern originating in South East Asia.There are a lot of different variations of the Java fern, with a wide range of plant and leaf shapes. I’m Michael and this is the place where I nerd out about shrimp. Plants Quarantine. In this method, the Java fern produces tiny plantlets on the tips of its leaves, which consists of few tiny leaves and a little root system. You can either buy small plants or java ferns attached to driftwood. This plant is hardy and undemanding, beautiful and it can live up to 2 years. The leaves can be bushy or spikey. If you are searching for a perfect plant that is easy to plant, maintain, and yet inexpensive then you should consider getting the Java fern as it ticks all the boxes. You don’t have to spend a lot to buy or maintain this plant. Leaves: This plant possesses varying leaf form and structure which makes it unique. This aquatic fern can grow in low light conditions and is forgiving in a wide range of water parameters. Leptochilus pteropus, synonym Microsorum pteropus, commonly known as Java fern after the Indonesian island of Java, can be found in Malaysia, Thailand, Northeast India and some regions of China.It is a highly variable plant with several different geographic varieties that vary in leaf size and shape. link to How to Set Up a Freshwater Crab Tank, Read more about it in my article “Advanced Guide to Planted Tank Lighting”. So, it … This hardy plant requires little maintenance, however, you should look into these factors if you desire a healthy-looking plant in the tank. This plant is also widely distributed in tropical Southeast Asia (Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, and some parts of China). Java Fern Windelov. They have rhizomes that attach themselves to different surfaces and then grow. There are two main ways to propagate your Java Fern. 3. Different plants will grow from the different cut sections. The size can be between 3-5 inches but avoid buying a bunch. Java fern, a member of the genus Microsorum, is the most famous out of its other 50 species of tropical ferns. Java fern grows adventitious, or random plantlets on older leaves. Java Fern is hardy and doesn’t need strict water conditions to thrive. Required fields are marked *. Cherry Shrimp Care Guide: Grades, Tank Conditions, Tank Mates, Diet, and Breeding, 400+ Betta Fish Names – Pick the Best Name for Your Pet Fish, Top 15 Best Freshwater Fishes That Are Always Popular, The Best Fish Puns Collection You Should Read and Share. CO2 in a Shrimp Tank But if you want a bushy look, leave the plantlets and let them grow. The plant can grow large with broad leaves, and its rhizomes will keep growing till it is finding surfaces. The plant will adapt to the new water conditions and new leaves will start sprouting afterwards. It gives rich look to planted tanks. © 2021 Copyright Shrimp and Snail Breeder. Read my article “Nitrates in Shrimp Tank. Break the Java fern and split it into little pieces to cover the created mesh. Another method of propagation is through the production of plantlets. Strong lights and CO2 are not required, but fertilization can help the plant thrive. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Java Fern Care Guide: Species, Planting, and Propagation. Microsorum, on the other hand, belongs to the Polypodiaceae family, which has over 60 different genera. You can put it in the middle or back of the tank and either alone, in a group, or with other plants. Any freshwater shrimp which share the same water requirements (for example, Cherry shrimp, Snowball shrimp, Caridina cf. Java fern is very versatile, hardy and easy to maintain. Java Fern’s Place in the World of Plants. The good thing about the rhizome is that it has the ability to continue growing and developing. These compounds are known to be harmful to fish and shrimp in macro quantities, the tank inhabitants will are safer thanks to this role the Java fern performs. Some aquatic plants become popular with aquarium enthusiasts due to their beauty or blooms, but others become popular because of the easy level of care they require. It doesn’t require any external help for Java Fern to propagate. Java fern is a member of the Polypodiaceae family and its taxonomical classification goes thus: Java fern has an overall green coloration and it is made up of three major components: Roots: The roots of this aquatic plant are dark brown hair-like strings that grow out of the rhizomes, these roots acts as an anchor. Windelov fern is a spectacular plant which is perfect for growing in aquariums. How to Quarantine and Disinfect Aquarium Plants. It will need a little pruning whenever you find any burn spots on the leaves. Java fern (Microsorum Pteropus) is unarguably one of the best aquatic plants for the aquarium hobby. Apart from that, it is found alongside streams or flowing water. These include the "narrow leaf" Java fern, the "needle leaf" Java fern, the "Windelov" Java fern, the "trident" Java Fern, the "lance leaf" Java fern, and others. The reason why you shouldn’t choose smooth surfaces is because the roots will take longer to anchor itself. Java Fern is one of the popular aquarium plants and is scientifically know as Microsorum Pteropus. Shrimp Safe Plant Fertilizers. If you don’t want a bushy look, you can remove the small new plantlets growing on the leaves. These easy to grow plants can grow on rocks, ground, around tree trunks, or like grass in the tropical rain forest. Java Fern: An Overview. Java Ferns are hardy, and their leathery leaf structure makes them unappealing. At the lowest order is algae. Aquariumbreeder.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, chewy.com, and and other Affiliate programs. Regarding snails, you can keep it with Ramshorn snails, Nerite snails, Malaysian Trumpet snails, Japanese trapdoor snails, Mystery snails, etc.. Java fern is a popular aquarium plant for aquascaping; its form, beauty, and growth pattern makes it well suited for this purpose. I never saw this with Windelov or narrow leaf (not needleleaf) varieties. It is one of the most sought after plants for aquascaping. If you are searching for a perfect plant that is easy to plant, maintain, and yet inexpensive then you should consider getting the Java fern as it ticks all the boxes. It is hardy and tough which makes it difficult for herbivorous (nippy) fishes to feed on them. The separate plants will then continue to grow. That’s not all, live plants help to keep the aquarium stable. How to Lower them”, Dragonfly and Damselfly Nymphs. There are many sellers online who retail varieties of the Java fern plant, you can source them from Petco, eBay or Amazon. It is quite rare and grows up to a height of 6 inches. You will discover plantlets sprouting after some time, which gives the aquarium a unique and decorate wall outlook. There are a couple of ways to propagate: Firstly, you could cut the rhizome in half and replant the cut sections. The first way is to cut the fern… In its absence, it is just a bunch of leaves. Also, it is compatible with small fish and fry. If you see anything like this, dim the lightning or just turn it off for some days. Java Ferns meet both criteria! Windelov Java Fern – The finely-branched leaf tips of this plant grow up to 8” (20 cm), it is a very adjustable aquatic plant with various water species. Common Name: Java Fern Windelov, Microsorum Pteropus Java Fern Windelov is a popular variant of the Java Fern created by Tropica. Next, use tapes, adhesives or fishing wire to fasten the plant to the desired hardscape. Leaves grow out from the top of these rhizomes. Keep reading for more information on how you can grow and care for Java fern. Microsorum Pteropus, Needle Leaf: This Java fern is simply gorgeous. Needle-Leaf Java Fern – The leaves of this plant are thinner in the shape of the needle and smaller than the regular Java Fern. It doesn’t need CO2 as much as other water … It has finely branched tips and is a great unique addition to any fish tank or aquarium. These qualities make it easier for the beginner to grow this plant in the aquarium. When the leaves grow smaller leaflets, the leaflets can simply be broken off and replanted. Afterwards, put the structure to the back wall while making sure that no fish gets hurt by coming in contact with it. You can also use rubber bands or zip ties, but it will be visible from the outside. The needle leaf, narrow leaf, Windelov and lance leaf are the four most common kinds. Your email address will not be published. Microsorum Pteropus, Trident: This variety grows faster and the leaves are feathery-lobed, just as the name implies, this variety has forks which resemble a trident. The leaves have a leathery texture and are found in different shades of green. It’s a freshwater aquarium plant, but can stand a bit of salt, up to a water salinity of 1.009. Java Fern Stats Minimum Tank Size: 10 Gallons Care Level: Easy Water Conditions: 6-8 ph and Soft to Moderately Hard Temperature: 22–27 °C (72–82 °F) Maximum Size: 13 ½ inches (35 cm) The Java fern (Microsorum pteropus) is an aquatic fern native to South East Asia. Java Fern is an incredibly popular freshwater aquarium plant, known and loved for its stunning looks and ease of care.. The Java fern forms a bush with its tall leaves when fully grown, this provides a shade/cover where smaller fish, shrimp, and fry can hide to keep away from predators and intense lighting conditions. Monsters in Shrimp Tanks. Regarding black lines, they are just veins. But if you still want to use it, then you can pick anything of your choice. This plant is often considered as mid or background plant, it all depends on your tank size. To be grown on a root or stone, attached with fishing line until it has gained a hold. Water pH: A pH of 6.0 – 8.0 is quite okay, anything slightly above that might not really hurt this plant. Treatment Suitable Water Parameters for Java Fern. They may not have rhizomes and won’t grow at all. When the leaves have black or brown tiny circular bumps or veiny black lines, it means it has matured and is ready for propagation as well. Rhizomes: These appear just like the dark green roots but in this case, they are actually stems. A hardy plant that grows in all conditions. Yay! Absorption of nutrients in this plant is through the leaves, the roots serve as an anchor. Unstable parameters will result in melt and rotting of the aquarium plant. Read more about “Top 7 Floating Plants for Beginners”. The end of the leaves is split into three thin leaves which gives it a beautiful bushy effect when grown out. Narrow leaf Java fern requires low to moderate lighting and nutrient-rich water and growth rate is also improved by C02 injection. The next step is using a cling film to make the back pane of the aquarium black, this ensures that you won’t be able to see the mesh you are using to attach the plant to. To replicate the conditions of wild, follow the given parameters –. It is known to tolerate a wide pH range. The Java Ferns are quite hardy to keep and maintain, but there are some mistakes that newcomers make, which can result in the death of their plant. Nutrient supplementation: The Java fern plant can survive without supplementing it with additional nutrients (fertilizers). Java Fern will propagate through its leaves. There are many variations of leaves that can differ in height and width than that of original Java ferns. Java ferns have been the common choice of many aquarists over the years. And for me, the java fern is the best aquarium plant. The leaves can be bushy or spikey. Another way of doing this is to wait until the plant develops tiny plantlets on its leaves. Keeping low lighting in the tank is necessary as Java ferns grow in the shady place. It can grow very quickly, but the leaves are short compared to narrow leaf Java Fern. Once you decided the surface, the next thing you have to do is to safely secure the plant on that surface. It is another uncommon variant with 2-5 lobes on both sides of leaves. You can use fishing wire or black threads to match the roots. You don’t have to bury it in the ground to grow. There are different varieties of the Java fern plant, and they are all characterized by varying leaf shapes. They add beauty to the tank with its delicate look and unique shape. It is worthy to note that the coloration of the leaves is highly dependent on the intensity of the lighting provided. Propagation of this plant species is very easy. How to Remove Snails from a Shrimp Tank. In this case, rough surfaces are better than smoother surfaces. Java Fern Windelov. The two names are interchangeable, though the former is more common in the aquarium trade. Babaulti, Ghost shrimp, Amano shrimp,Vampire shrimp, Blue tiger shrimp, Blue Velvet Shrimp, etc). Your email address will not be published. They find Java fern to be unappetizing due to their hard leaves, which do not taste so good. The broad leaf java ferns in my old Lake Tanganyika tank used to propagate new leafs in this way. If you still want to keep them with big aggressive fishes, make sure the plant is attached using rock or driftwood. Some types of Java Fern (Broad Leaf) can grow up to 15 inches tall and the overall width of the plant could even be around 6 inches. - Photos are a sample representation, not the actual plants you will receive. The popular varieties go by the names: Narrow Leaf, Needle Leaf, Trident, Windleof. Co2 supply: This is not really a necessity but if you want your fern to grow faster than normal then you definitely need to supply them with extra Co2. When the leaves have black or brown tiny circular bumps or veiny black lines, it means it has matured and is ready for propagation as well. Important: If you keep shrimp in the tank, I would highly recommend reading my articles: The smallest member of Java Fern (Windelov) grows up to about 6 inches tall and forms a distinctive shape with small and finely branched, dense leaves. These plantlets can now be detached from the parent plant and tied to driftwood or any other hardscape. To learn more about the Windelov java fern, … Some types of Java Fern aquarium plants are as follows –. Common Name: Java Fern Windelov Twisted, Microsorum Pteropus Similar to Widelov, hence the name, Windelov Twisted features the same fine branched tips at a larger scale. It prefers bri Scientific name Microsorum Pteropus Windelov, is a great beginner plant that’s considered easy to grow. Propagation. Because of their size, Java ferns are best for tanks that hold at least 10 gallons (38 L). I feel this plant brings an image of wild habitat in the aquarium. They are very affordable and the price ranges from $4 – 20 depending on the variety and type you want (single plant or mat). The plants are attached either to driftwood or rocks, and you can move it whenever you want to clean it at the bottom. Alternatively, you can wait for the plant to develop tiny Java Ferns on its leaves. You can cut the rhizome in half and then replant it where you want it to grow. Jav However, this shouldn’t be confused with the presence of black spots beneath the leaves as that is a sign that the parent plant is about to grow plantlets. Fish tanks can be quite relaxing and act as a sort of living art installation. Hardness: Soft to moderately hard water, can thrive in hard water also. This wall can be formed at the back of your tank to get that desirable attractive green background. Java fern is also one of the best plants for shrimp tanks and snails. Putting it in front of the tank will cover everything else that you might have kept in there. On this blog, I share all the things I learn about shrimp breeding as I go. ... Propagating Your Java Fern. The. The other quality which makes this plant famous among aquarists is that it is movable. It is extremely suited for freshers in this field.since it is rhizomes plant, it is required to grow in it over the rock or root to thrive fast. In this case, what you have to do is to prune our discolored leaves down to the rhizome. Narrow Java Ferns: As the name suggests, this variety of Java fern has narrower leaves than most species. Windelov Java Fern: This Java Fern is also a smaller variety, hardly ever-growing past 8 inches tall. The aggressive fish also ruin the beauty of this plant by nibbling and tearing the leaves. The high lightning can change the color of the leaves to brown. Pesticides in Shrimp Tanks. Java fern is compatible with a huge variety of fish. Plants Quarantine. Ms. Anaisha is an aquarist, loves to keep fishes and play with them. For algae related problems, you can get the help of a clean-up crew. They can grow in low light conditions and a wide range of water parameters. The leaves are hardy and have a leathery texture in a range of distinct shapes, mainly from bushy to spiky. CO2 in a Planted Tank Guide The plant is rhizomatous which implies that its roots and leaves emerge from a thick and root-like base (rhizome). The Java fern needs 1.5 watts of light for each gallon of water, and 5000-7000 K bulbs work efficiently on most tanks. This variant is a unique species of Java fern with interesting tops that have pom-pom like bushes on the leaves. The rhizomes can easily attach themselves to the rough surface as compared to the smooth surfaces. Java fern is also one of the best plants for shrimp tanks and snails. The color of leaves depends on the lighting. Before buying any plant, make sure the leaves are healthy, green, and without any brown edging. It grows fine in tap water from liquid rock to near battery acid, can grow under regular house lights, can be attached or left floating, and is fine without Co2 or fertilizers. The height of this plant is about 6 inches (15 cm). Planting Java Fern is as easy to plant as to maintain. Plant Propagation: Rhizome. The aquatic plants also need suitable water conditions and tank set up like a fish to thrive. They will start growing as independent plants. It is absolutely normal to have small dots because that is one of the ways to grow new Java ferns (propagation). Do you have Java Ferns in your aquarium? The leaves find it difficult to adapt to the new present water conditions, and this makes them stressed. Melting can be mitigated by nutrient supplementation, so making sure that the Java fern are dosed with the required fertilizers will prevent the leaves from dying. We already discussed this hardy plant is easy to grow on any surface. Java fern will survive in brackish water. The following water parameters should be maintained in the tank to ensure that the Java fern survives and grows properly: Read more about it in my article “Advanced Guide to Planted Tank Lighting”. How to Lower them”. The color of leaves depends on the lighting. They are available in variety, and you can choose according to your preference. The ends of the leaves are split into three thin leaves giving a … This plant can also be floated on the water surface, just ensure that it is trimmed/pruned as at when due to keep the tank orderly and clean. This is a common problem amongst most aquatic plants whereby the leaves turn yellow and brown, shrink and die off. Also, it can thrive in both partially submerged or fully submerged conditions. Microsorum Pteropus, Windelov: This variant grows up to 8 inches (20 cm) tall, it is similar to the regular Java fern plant but has finely branched leaf tips. If planted in the bottom, do not cover the rhizome because it will rot. Cichlids, Catfish, Tiger Oscars, Arowanas, etc. This plant is native to South East Asia cultivated particularly in Taiwan nurseries. After a few weeks, the roots will attach itself to the surface. The first is that of rhizome division – it’s perhaps the easiest way to do this. This feature makes it suitable to be used with a wide variety of fish. The surface can be both broad and narrow. Let us know in the comment. Fish don’t prefer to nibble the java fern, probably it tastes bitter for them. You may find it only once a year sometimes. They can have parasites, pests like snails or even predators (dragonfly, damsefly nymphs, etc.). If planted on the front, it will definitely cover everything in the tank and I’m definitely sure you wouldn’t like that to happen. They are also hardy to even inhospitable environments, able to grow […] You can use it to plant as many Java Ferns you want in your tank. Your email address will not be published. Aquarists commonly use them because of their slow growth. The smooth surface like pebbles or glass won’t disappoint you either, but it will take a longer duration to attach on these surfaces. They’re often referred to as lace Java ferns thanks to the finely branched tips of the plant. You won’t have to make a lot of effort to care for it. If you want it to grow quickly, you can add liquid fertilizers whenever changing the water. You can also read “How to Spot Nutrient Deficiencies in Aquatic Plants”. The large and aggressive fish who nibble on the plants can also be kept with these plants. What better way to make your home feel a bit more inviting and festive than adding a splash of color to your aquarium? Java fer It is scientifically known as Microsorum pteropus, and is sold under this name.You may also find it called Leptochilus pteropus. Important: One thing you should never do is burying the rhizomes down the substrate or it will rot. Of ways to propagate from bushy to spiky light conditions and new leaves start... Care, Diet, and can be easily kept in fish tanks “ Top 5 for. To spend a lot to buy or maintain this plant is a spectacular plant which perfect. Aquarium hobby inches high and 6-8 inches in width healthy-looking plant in shady! Desire a healthy-looking plant in the process be 13.5 inches and width 6-8 inches Petco, eBay or.! Keep in your [ … ] propagating Java fern: this Java fern tree the. 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