In the summer of 1881 the United States sent two parties, both led by Signal Corps officers, one to Point Barrow, Alaska, and the other to Lady Franklin Bay on Ellesmere Island in northern Canada, less than 500 miles from the North Pole. Get the latest on new films and digital content, learn about events in your area, and get your weekly fix of American history. .... We at last reached Camp Clay at 2:10 am. Jerry Kobalenko, Writer: You're beginning to see the strong people become stronger, and the weak people become weaker. Powell, Theodore: "The Long Rescue", W.H. And now, at last, here was a chance to truly make his mark in the world. Jan 10, 2015 - Explore Pinfectionist's board "Polar explorers - Adolphus Greely", followed by 8259 people on Pinterest. In accordance with his instructions for this case, Greely decided in August 1883 to abandon Fort Conger and retreat south with his team. Free Google Book . There, they would take part in a revolutionary scientific mission, and explore the limits of the known world. For seven hours, he dragged himself across the ice field before finally reaching their sleeping bag. What, I wonder, will be our condition when we undergo a still greater reduction in our rations?". As for the horrors of the last winter, someone else would have to answer for that. They could have lived there for years, probably unhappily, but they could have lived there for years. The ship's doctor reported that none of the survivors would have lasted another 48 hours. Winfield Scott Schley on the USRC Bear (a former whaler built in Greenock, Scotland), was sent to rescue the Greely party. The returning survivors were venerated as heroes, though the heroism was tainted by sensational accusations of cannibalism during the remaining days of low food.[8]. Greg Shea, Legal Narrator: The survivors dragged their crippled, screaming companion across the frozen wasteland until they were all near the point of collapse. Then, after just a few hours' rest, rather than returning to safety at Camp Clay, he chose to walk back to Rice's unburied body. Philip Cronenwett, Historian: It had to be done and it had to be done at regular hours, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. It started as a scientific expedition with a bunch of people squabbling; it became a morality play. The irony is that the data is of interest today but not because it offers the key to an understanding of nature, but because it offers a key to how human beings have changed nature. By the time they reached Ellison, he was near death. We unfurled the glorious Stars and Stripes to the northern breezes with an exultation impossible to describe.". But the crowding, the darkness, the cold and all of their other afflictions would soon be eclipsed by one cruel obsession: food. Greely attended the First Presbyterian Church of Newburyport. But there was no escaping the simple truth: they needed more food, or they were going to die. Maureen Jordan PostWorks, New York, Voice-Over Recording Studios We are 24 starved men; we have done all we can to help ourselves, and shall ever struggle on, but it drives me almost insane to face the future. When they were finally able to leave their encampment, Fredericks noticed that Rice was failing. Narrator: The re-supply mission had been a lackluster affair, run by a lowly Army private. When in 1883 the relief ship failed once again to show up at Fort Conger, Greely ordered his men to abandon their post and sail three small boats over 250 miles of open ocean to the south where the Army had planned to leave a rescue party. Narrator: On August 26th, 1881, the whaling ship Proteus sailed out of Lady Franklin Bay, leaving 25 men and 350 tons of supplies in one of the harshest environments on earth. Sigurður Freyr Björnsson, Art Directors One week after leaving Fort Conger, Greely told his officers that he was considering abandoning the steam boat and loading their supplies onto an ice floe, trusting the currents to carry them south. The dark, Arctic winter was tough on many members of the team. The Greely Expedition Program Transcript Adolphus W. Greely (Tim Hopper): "We have been lured here to our destruction. Commodore J. G. WALKER. Composed by David Prior with John Matthias There, he learned about technology and weather systems. All these fears that weren't present in the first year began to weigh very, very heavily upon the soldiers. The Army had held up its start, leaving the lieutenant just a few weeks to recruit his men. [citation needed], General Greely received the Medal of Honor in 1935: "For his life of splendid public service, begun on March 27, 1844, having enlisted as a private in the U.S. Army on July 26, 1861, and by successive promotions was commissioned as major general February 10, 1906, and retired by operation of law on his 64th birthday.". In the 1870s, Greely developed an interest in the Arctic region; he also heard of a potential exploratory mission to the far North. New York: McGraw-Hill, (1961). Framepool, Archival Photographs Courtesy of During his tenure as Chief Signal Officer of the Army, the following military telegraph lines were constructed, operated and maintained during the Spanish–American War: Puerto Rico, 800 miles (1,300 kilometers); Cuba, 3,000 mi (4,800 km); the Philippines, 10,200 mi (16,400 km). Private Henry will be shot today. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, 1789 to 1903. Jerry Kobalenko, Writer: They were just trying to hurry there and hurry back. Freed from the restraints of military discipline, how would 25 men fare in a lawless wilderness over the coming winter, or two, or three? It did no good. Narrator: A coalition of scientists had enlisted the governments of 11 nations in an unprecedented quest to understand the earth's climate. George Rice headed up the Ellesmere coast with one team, while David Brainard joined the other on the Greenland side. Ever since being rebuffed by the Secretaries of Navy and War, she had urged the mounting of another rescue mission. Jim Lotz, Writer: Rice had some experience of boats. Rob Rapley, Production Manager There's not a lot to do. Alisa Placas Frutman, Post Production Services Narrator: In this crucible of suffering Greely had been stripped of his vanities and ambitions, his iron will tempered with compassion. Narrator: Greely teetered on the brink, raging at the men one moment, and then disappearing into his sleeping bag for scandalously long stretches. Adrift at sea, Greely had cowered in his sleeping bag; back on land, he was cool headed and effective. Too exhausted to bury him, Rice crawled in beside the corpse for a few hours' sleep, and then headed out with Fredericks into the half-light. We are 24 starved men; we have done all we can to help ourselves, and shall ever struggle on, but it drives me almost insane to face the future. Coll Anderson M.P.S.E, Sound Effects Editors To die is easy; very easy; it is only hard to strive, to endure, to live.". David Brainard (Rich Porfido): "Ellison was a pitiable sight, with his face distorted and frozen, and his limbs ice-like and useless. Narrator: "I will bear true faith." Narrator: Greely and his men would establish the northernmost station on the shores of Lady Franklin Bay, just 600 miles from the North Pole. Greely.". What we call the Greely Expedition (1881-1884) was properly known as the Lady This place is situated in Pine County, Minnesota, United States, its geographical coordinates are 45° 44' 41" North, 93° 4' 5" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Greely. Callie T. Wiser I start tomorrow, although I am pretty well used up, weakened and hungry.". Review a timeline of the Greely Expedition. Philip Cronenwett, Historian: It was absolutely necessary that that happen because he would in fact have stolen more and more food as the men became weaker and weaker and they would have all died. This was the thing that overshadowed the whole, the achievement of the expedition. How happy we were four years ago at the Aberdeen Hotel....". Mark Zwonitzer, Additional Scenics Directed by But for now all that would have to wait. Archives and Special Collections, Queen Elizabeth II Library, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada So when Greely ordered everyone's rations cut to provide extra for Ellison, there was no argument. For more than a century his records gathered dust, until once again the Arctic captured the world's attention. But the scandal that haunted Greely had also tainted his scientific achievements. After a harrowing trip, Greely and his men arrived at Cape Sabine to find only a few weeks' worth of provisions. And it's really through that, that people like Darwin are able to come up with his theory of evolution. I shall at least have made my mark in the world. Map Explore Location Map Cards Maps Peta Exploring So it's a really strange environment. Image result for greely expedition map. Storms battered them mercilessly, until they huddled on a piece of ice barely large enough to hold them. Adolphus Greely was the commanding officer of the doomed Lady Franklin Bay Expedition from 1881-1884. Greely himself was having difficulty thinking and speaking clearly, and his heart was weakening. Jim Lotz, Writer: Oh, they were all over it. But in the isolation and confinement of Fort Conger, the strict discipline he had learned in the Civil War only stirred up resentment. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Philip Cronenwett, Historian: They all should have died. iStockfootage/Getty Images David Legge Brainard achieved a new "farthest north" record of 83°23'8" on Lockwood Island. ", The response was slow in coming. Sigurður Freyr Björnsson, Locations He spent some time in boats in Cape Breton. Welcome to the Greely google satellite map! Greely is a blue-grey wolf, with a light blue underbelly (depends on artwork variants). The promotions Greely had made in the field weren't honored, and the men's pay was held up for years. George Rice, the official photographer on the Lady Franklin Bay scientific expedition to the Arctic in 1881, kept a journal until he froze to death in April 1884. The Lady Franklin Bay Expedition, however, had another motive: the United States wanted to beat the longstanding "Farthest North" record claimed by the British for decades. They looked forward to the relief ship; to new faces, letters from home, fresh supplies. Greely had ordered the abandonment of Fort Conger, and Brainard dutifully carried out his orders. They were adrift on a raft of ice, and it was 11 degrees Fahrenheit—cold for the "At the beginning most of the men did the scientific work because they were told to do it," says Robinson. It would follow him for the rest of his life. Over the next two years he worked his way up the enlisted ranks to 1st sergeant. Brainard saw Greely's hold over the men vanishing. Michael Robinson, Historian: The hope was that this would offer the key to a new climatic understanding of the world. And by this time talk of those horrors had begun to circulate. From Thomas Jefferson and the Boisterous Sea of Liberty Greely's mission was an orphan, and it showed. And then Fredericks brought back all of Rice's unused food to the group. Abandoned, first published in 1961, is the riveting story of the ill-fated Greely Arctic Expedition.Launched in 1881 as part of the International Polar Year, the U.S. stationed a party of twenty-five men on what is today called Ellesmere Island off the northwest coast of Greenland. That holistic sense of science is really catching fire. Greely's Inferno is a non-member adventure that can be played with a group of up to four Jammers. Then the pressure became stronger and stronger and stronger until they just had to do, the military had to do something. And that began, I think, the breakdown of discipline within the group. Vanessa Ezersky More recently, however, Greely's Arctic data has been revisited and the numbers have contributed to scientists' understanding of this relatively unknown area of the world. The federal government wanted payoff. This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 01:28. And he was very, very highly regarded for this role. Narrator: The real surprise was the ease with which they ran the narrow stretch of water between Cape Sabine on the coast of Ellesmere Island, and Littleton Island on the Greenland side. Picture Collection, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations At the new limit of the known world they flew a flag Henrietta had sewn, and carved the logo of Brainard's favorite beer into the rocks. Jim Lotz, Writer: I think some of them figured they when they were up there they can make their stash and come back and have a pocket of money because they would be paid but they would have no expenses up there... nowhere to go. Philip Cronenwett, Historian: It began to grate on the men very, very soon. But hurrying, doing big miles with no sleep, probably no rest and no food or even water, it would've been very easy to get frostbite. But Greely remained devoted to the survivors, and to the dependents of the men who had perished. He figured he could handle himself. It wasn't clear how this pure polar science would help Americans back home. It's amazing that they didn't all die. George Rice (Justin Mader): "There's a hard trip before Shorty and myself. "No game, no food, and apparently no hopes from Littleton Island," Greely wrote in his journal. _____ Washington, D.C. March 1, 1884. Narrator: Despite the bleak surroundings, Greely's men soon discovered a surprising source of comfort: their commanding officer. National Archives Gino Del Guercio, Archival Footage Courtesy of Adolphus Greely.". But with each passing day, the tranquility of summer gave way to a growing uneasiness. Without Brainard's support, the conspiracy fell apart. Ásgrímur Guðbjartsson Pamela Gaudiano Jim Lotz, Writer: Morale plummeted, just went straight through the floor. Greely hoped to find stores of food there and to improve the chances of meeting an Army resupply ship. They endured frostbite and natural amputation, madness, and even cannibalism. - Explore Pinfectionist 's board `` Polar explorers - adolphus Greely died in Fredericks ' arms evening! Ap-141 ) and Fort Greely were named in his orders the other on ``! Need to understand how the parts fit together still greater reduction in our rations? `` Washington DC. To winter at Cape Sabine: the fact was, they would take part in a revolutionary scientific,! Civil Bill, designating $ 25,000 for the prize pain, sorrow and privation ``. He did what he was the landscape architect Rose Greely galley and one of Columbian. Tenderness towards a crippled comrade. `` Hopper, Justin Mader ): `` June 6th, 1884 coming. 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