i) “Fixed” or “Permanent” Working Capital ii) “Variable” or “Temporary” Working Capital (4 marks) Q6. Variable working capital is used to carry out day to day operations. The temporary or varying working capital changes with the volume of operations. Many times, companies face a sudden surge in demand, which may be for a short period. Managing it efficiently not only ensures that short-term requirements are met adequately but also sets … It fluctuates along with the scale of operations. Permanent working capital loans are needed when the working capital cycle is continuous for a company working capital. But here we will discuss two of the major kinds of working capital required in any business. The difference between variable working capital and permanent working capital is as follows: 1) Permanent working capital is referred to finance to stock of finished goods, debtors balances etc. However there are kinds of working capital available including gross or net, temporary, permanent, negative, reserve, regular and many more. (2) Temporary or Variable Working Capital. Any additional working capital apart from permanent working capital required to support the changing production and sales activities is referred to as temporary or variable working capital. As long as the firm is a going concern, working capital cannot be substantially reduced. Permanent working capital is the minimum investment in the form of inventory of raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, stores and book debs to facilitate uninterrupted operation in a firm. Westeros Auto Co is considering evaluating a new project for manufacturing high-end automobile components for exports. Thus, permanent working capital is perennially needed one though not fixed in volume. Permanent And Temporary Working Capital: Working capital is the primary component when it comes to a business’s operational competency and growth potential. 2. However, they does not come to an end after the cycle is completed. Temporary Working capital. It continues to exist. It can be said that Permanent working capital represents minimum amount of the current assets required throughout the year for normal production whereas Temporary working capital is the addi­tional capital required at different time of the year to finance the fluctuations in production due to seasonal change. They are: Temporary WC. It should be regarded as part of the long-term capital structure of the company. In Other workds, an amount over and above the permanent level of working capital is temporary, fluctuating or variable working capital. The operating cycle, thus, creates the need for current assets (working capital). To explain this computing need of current assets, a distinction should be drawn between permanent and the working capital. This is in contrast to temporary working capital, which is revenue coming from sources that may or may not continue. It keeps on changing its form from one current asset to another. Temporary working Capital: Otherwise known as variable working capital, it is that portion of capital which is needed by the firm along with the permanent working capital, to fulfil short-term working capital needs that emerge out of fluctuation in the sales volume. This part of the working capital being a permanent investment needs to be financed via long-term funds. Permanent working capital is that portion of working capital that is expected to generate on a consistent and uninterrupted. Permanent and Temporary Working Capital. Permanent working capital, or PWC, is the permanent layer of working capital that, month after month, year after year, never goes away. 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