Basically, they have one enzyme which converts the alcohol to a metabolic product which is very poisonous but they lack the detoxification systems which would ordinarily deal with it. Predjama Castle: The Castle in a Cave that Housed a Slovenian Robin Hood, The Secret Tomb of the First Chinese Emperor Remains an Unopened Treasure, Nearly Lost from The Pages of History, Mari Is The Oldest Known Planned City in the World, Remembering the Barbary Slaves: White Slaves and North African Pirates, Mystery of Genghis Khan’s Death Considered Solved, Vatican City’s Necropolis Shows How Roman Non-Elites Lived and Died, New Digital Map Gives Fresh Details About The Ancient City Of Pergamon, Rendlesham Royal Palace Linked to Famous Sutton Hoo Burial Site, Lines On A Wild Cow Bone May Be 120,000-Year-Old Symbols, Ultra-Rare Mud Mummy Exposes Previously Unknown Mortuary Practice. By Ann Gibbons Oct. 3, 2016 , 11:00 AM. Etruscans Transported Bees by Boat to Reach the Best Flowers! The Malagasy did come from Indonesia, specifically Borneo but I don't see how that makes it plausible that Polynesians came from South America except in the vaguest sense that they're both one island being settled from a distant homeland. Your post looked interesting so I tried to check out the 2 videos. So we think that the detoxification protection has been lost during the island hopping migration. a migration began from south China of people speaking an Austronesian language, the family of which the Polynesian languages are members. The first Polynesian ancestors settled in the Tonga, Wallis, and Futuna, and Samoa regions. Geoff Chambers: The other results are very interesting because again we've been trying to sort out the web of possibilities for the origin of Polynesian peoples. Reconstruction of the face of a Lapita woman. A sizeable NHPI community emerged in the Salt Lake Valley which included Maori from New Zealand beginning in 1884, Samoans prior to 1898, and Tongans as early as 1924. The Anglo-Saxon Conquerors: Creators of Medieval England, Sir Lancelot: Exploring the History Behind the Legend. It is even possible that Thor Heyerdahl may have been partly right about an Amerindian connection . By Roff Smith, for National Geographic. Have you had any controversy about doing this sort of work here in New Zealand? The Menhune of Hawaii – Ancient Race or Fictional Fairytale? Available at: http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/10/epic-pre-columbian-voyage-suggested-genes. The etymology of the word “rune” means: “to carve, or to cut.” In Low German the word is “raunen.” As the runes were cut and carved into wood, metal or stone, the word “rune” was analogous to the rune letters themselves. Oct 22, 2020 - The origins of Polynesians are historically elusive, but genetic studies are starting to paint a clearer picture. The first known NHPIs to settle in Utah were Native Hawaiians who arrived in 1873. PUBLISHED March 19, 2014. Robyn Williams: Why really do you think it is important to establish this question one way or the other? Polynesia was inhabited by skilled seafarers. Where Did the Polynesians Really Come From? Brown believed that they had come by several routes from the Asian mainland. (Image: © David Burley.) start to seem more realistic. Polynesians are part of the Austronesian-speakers who migrated from Taiwan and crossed to the Pacific through the Philippines, eastern Indonesia, New Guinea, and Melanesia. These first Polynesians are thought to have migrated from mainland China, ... What is known is that the two cultures did eventually mix and that this likely happened later on in history. Robyn Williams: And you're doing that now are you? How about a "Books and Literature" forum? The more we learn about historical genetics , the more we realize just how convoluted the communication and intermarriage between different populations was in the past. Instead they appear to have come from another mysterious Neolithic East Asian population that is thought to have originated in Taiwan. As a matter of fact we know that even the ancient Spaniards in the sailing days were absolutely unable to sail from Indonesia even into Micronesia. If the Lapitan people didn't have any Papuan DNA, how did it end up in modern Polynesians? The clues to Polynesian ancestry come, would you believe, from tracing two-pot screamers (those who can't tolerate alcohol) and from assuming that male and female ancestors came from different places. The western part of Polynesia was settled between 3000 and 1000 BC by people from Taiwan via the Philippines as well as parts of New Guinea. According to this view, Polynesians evolved from a group of pre-Polynesian settlers known as Lapita people whose characteristically dentate stamped pottery has been found in numerous archaeological sites stretching from the Bismarck Archipelago on the eastern fringe of Papua New Guinea south-eastwards through Island Melanesia to Fiji, and from there to nearby Tonga and Samoa in Western … Throughout history, every major culture has stories of reptilian monsters who threatened their livelihood. Geoff Chambers: There's no controversy as such I think in part because we were very careful about the approach that we took at the outset. Girls Carrying a Canoe in Samoa by John La Farge. I have participated in archaeological excavations in Greece and San Diego. The dominant theory holds that in about 4500 B.C.E. According to this view, Polynesians are mainly a part of a migration wave that came out of Taiwan. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. The dominant theory holds that in about 4500 B.C.E. Manager Institute for Molecular Systematics Victoria University of Wellington Te Whare Wananga o te Upoko o te Ika a Maui PO Box 600 Wellington New Zealand Tel: +64 4 463 5339 Fax: +64 4 463 5331, Excerpt from an interview played on the first Science Show in 1975. But that's impossible isn't it? They trace their early prehistoric origins to Island Southeast Asia and form part of the larger Austronesian ethnolinguistic group with an Urheimat in Taiwan. So what we set out to do was to look for those variants in New Zealand Maori and Polynesian people, because we expected them to be there if they had oriental ancestors, and we found one of those systems but not the other one. ( Public Domain ) Polynesian outrigger canoes may have been used to cross the Pacific. So why did … The people of England got their name from the Angles, who, along with the Saxons, invaded in the early- to mid-5th century AD, after the Roman Empire began to groan under the weight of barbarian incursions and withdrew from the island. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. S5 (2003): S121-S127. Polynesians are famous for their voyages to remote islands in distant parts of the Pacific. T he origins of the Polynesians has always been a controversial topic. Using outrigger canoes, they founded a society across islands stretching in a triangle from the Hawaiian Isl… Although it is possible that South American voyagers sailed to Polynesia to meet the Rapa Nui or another group of Polynesians, the Polynesians are known to have been more skilled at seafaring at the time, so it is more likely that it was the Polynesians who came to the Americas. One of his passionate beliefs was that Polynesians came from South America, not south east Asia. Thor Heyerdahl: Yes, he was, but he was the first one really to discover that by going way south of Australia you can find a contrary wind but once he sailed eastwards in that area, once he came up into the latitude of Polynesia he was also swept back in the opposite direction, although he had of course much more modern sailing gear than the ancient Spaniards and primitive man. T he origins of the Polynesians has always been a controversial topic. The Express Train Hypothesis says that Polynesians originally come from Taiwan by way of the Philippines and Melanesia. So that the suggestion is that, as voyaging parties of what we'll call proto Polynesians, the ancestors of modern day Polynesians, moved out from Asia through the islands of the Bismark Archipelago north of Papua New Guinea and they began to meet indigenous populations that were already living there - and those people would have been Melanesian or Papuan in character - and inter marriage took place and those people had been recruited into the population so that the majority of the male lineages seem to come from that region and the female lineages from elsewhere. "Ancient voyaging and Polynesian origins." Another theory is that the ancestors of the Maori were a Polynesian people originating from south-east Asia. How should Polynesians be classified racially? Robyn Williams: I wonder how that .1% got in there. The human skull that challenges the Out of Africa theory, The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts, Unearthing Ancient Magic in The Runes –Messages with Hidden Symbols and Powerful Numbers, Petroglyphic Features of Portable Rock Art, The Northern Mysteries Current: Futhark and Mystery Schools of the Viking Age, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. Regardless of where the Polynesians originally came from, their ancestry appears to be more complex than initially thought. One major question today is where did the Polynesians originally come from? New study suggests that the Philippines is the ancestral homeland of Polynesians. They speak the Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic subfamily of the Austronesian language family. Maybe because I'm in the US, or some other reason that I don't know. Throughout the history of the world, tribal and slightly primitive people of remote corners of the globe, have always had unique beliefs and traditions. http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2014/10/epic-pre-columbian-voyage-suggested-genes, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uxuWPjM5Es4, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-HhfbCk2oU, Tokelau, a Small Nation with Great Traditions, Easter Island’s Birdman Cult: A Story of Struggle and Survival, Bananas Helped Ancient Lapita Culture Colonize Oceania. If the reverse is true that trading voyages originated from South America and went across Polynesia, one would expect to find male South American lineages in Polynesian populations and there is no report of that yet. Taputapuatea Marae, An Ancient Site of Human Sacrifice and Communing with the Gods, The Perplexing Purpose of the Gigantic Pulemelei ‘Pyramid’ Mound of Samoa. Genetic analysis appears to prove that Polynesians have genetic roots tracing back to diverse regions across the Pacific and the Americas, denoting the mixed origin of the population. Well, not mothers and fathers but you know great, great grandmothers and grandfathers. A team of scientists have cleared up the myths surrounding the death of the great Genghis Khan. Using outrigger canoes, they founded a society across islands stretching in a triangle from the Hawaiian Islands to Easter Island to New Zealand. Geoff Chambers: Oh, I think it's fairly clear that there has been gene flow within the female lineages from Melanesia as well, it's just that it isn't balanced. Genetic studies have shown, for example, that a significant percentage of the Polynesian population has y-chromosomal DNA haplogroups coming from Papua New Guinea while most of the mtDNA comes from haplogroups in Taiwan and Southeast Asia. Geoff Chambers: The data that we've collected in my laboratory really don't substantiate that story or bear on it, but other people have collected data and there are some things which need to be explained, because Polynesian peoples grow South American vegetables, the sweet potato which we call kumera, and that had to get here by some route. Evidence that Noah’s Ark Landed on a Mountain 17 Miles South of Ararat. Now many oriental people have a particular combination of types of enzymes which make them very sensitive to alcohol. Where did the Polynesians come from? Did a Native American travel with the Vikings and arrive in Iceland centuries before Columbus set sail? The truth may be even more extraordinary. One, called the express train model, which is a terrible name for settling oceanic islands where a very rapid migration out of mainland Asia is the origin, other people suggested Island South East Asia or from a variety of places within Melanesia, and some of the recent work we've done on genes that are involved in alcohol metabolism, the work was of course done for entirely different reasons originally, show a very good link back with oriental populations and in particular with Taiwan as a possible jumping off point for Polynesians. Science. Robyn Williams: So, just to summarise: some of the Maoris may be bad at handling alcohol, they may not have alcohol dehydrogenase in a system for, as you say, detoxifying and they're more likely to have a Taiwanese past do you think? Robyn Williams: Thor Heyerdahl. It is so large, in fact, that it was said to have been wielded by a giant. In part, that may reflect historical processes; for instance, males may have been recruited as navigators or females recruited as brides from populations that had visited but it certainly looks as though the proto Polynesians recruited a lot more successful males than females. The male lineages on the other hand seem to be sourced from Melanesia or from Papua New Guinea. Ghost Beliefs in Polynesia: When Spirits Return and Possess, Ancient Skulls Give Insights into Origins of Polynesians, Disney ALMOST Got It Right: From Moana to Mayhem, The Mythology Behind the Real Maui. The western part of Polynesia was settled between 3000 and 1000 BC by people from Taiwan via the Philippines as well as parts of New Guinea. Information on Polynesian settlement particularly in New Zealand has been overwhelmingly suppressed since at least the 1960's. Remnants of a 6000 year old Chinese boat, 180 ft wide x 400+ ft long have been found on the Northland west coast, undated ancient stone houses possibly of Peruvian origin have been found in significant numbers, a megalithic wall has been found in a central North island national forest, significant Moa traps have been found dating back 2500 years (pre Maori) skeletons of several different groups of people have been found around NZ and ancient Taoist cave drawings have been found in the South Island, yet the NZ Govt and Universities have ignored what is evidence that will rewrite the "academic theories" of how Polynesia was settled, even though the Maori have always maintained they were not the first people on the islands of NZ. That's why they have a very bad response. ( Public Domain ) Much of the origins of Polynesians remains uncertain. The nature of those genetic links and the location for that first contact also differs from previous beliefs. Geoff Chambers: It sounds intriguing doesn't it, but nonetheless we believe that it's a pretty good explanation. Image credit: Deborah Kolb/Shutterstock. This demonstrated the feasibility of using a primitive craft to cross the Pacific. Source: Herb Kawainui Kāne, “Epic pre-Columbian voyage suggested by genes” by Andrew Lawler (2014). This was proposed by the archaeologist, writer, and explorer Thor Heyerdahl , who even constructed a Polynesian balsa wood raft and, with a team, sailed it west of Easter Island from the South American coast. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. I have a bachelor's degree in earth science but I minored in anthropological archaeology and have attended an archaeological field school. 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