[14][15] The first fatality involving the twinjet occurred in a fire while an aircraft was being refueled at Denver International Airport in the United States on September 5, 2001, during which a ground worker sustained fatal burns. [14] While the manufacturer asserted that the 747-400's cabin floor was no different from the already-certified and in-service 747-300, the JAA maintained that the newer model would have a service life into 2020 and beyond and was thus subject to a newer, more stringent standard which had been updated to reflect the risk of explosive devices. [209] [131], Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on aviation, demand for new jets was reduced in 2020 and Boeing cut its monthly production from five to two 777s. [118], A total of 1,416 aircraft (all variants) were in airline service as of July 2018[update], with Emirates (163), United Airlines (91), Air France (70), Cathay Pacific (69), American Airlines (67), Qatar Airways (67), British Airways (58), Korean Air (53), All Nippon Airways (50), Singapore Airlines (46), and other operators with fewer aircraft of the type. [163] With the launch of the 777X in 2013, Boeing confirmed that the aircraft would be receiving a new interior featuring 787 cabin elements and larger windows. [44], The -400D lacks the wingtip extensions and winglets included on other variants. Boeing delivered 126 Boeing 747-400F aircraft with no unfilled orders as of November 2009[update]. [208] After having considered a -200ER P2F program, Boeing was hoping to conclude its study by the Fall as the 777X replacing aging -300ERs from 2020 will generate feedstock. The conversion, designed by Boeing engineers from Puget Sound, Moscow and Canoga Park, Cal., and Gamesa Aeronáutica in Spain,[52] was carried out in Taiwan by a subsidiary of the Evergreen Group. [48] The initial 777-200 model was launched with propulsion options from three manufacturers, General Electric, Pratt & Whitney, and Rolls-Royce,[52] giving the airlines their choice of engines from competing firms. [101] On November 10, 2005, the first -200LR set a record for the longest non-stop flight of a passenger airliner by flying 11,664 nautical miles (21,602 km) eastward from Hong Kong to London. This list also includes carriers that used the aircraft temporarily, besides main operators. [11] While the aircraft was planned as a new-technology upgrade, Boeing originally proposed minimal design changes in order to reduce development cost and retain commonality with existing models. [242][243] The accident was attributed to ice crystals suspended in the aircraft's fuel clogging the fuel-oil heat exchanger (FOHE). GeminiJets 1:400 Air Bridge Cargo Boeing 777-200F; USD$ 55.95 ; Item is available. [160] Located above the main cabin and connected via staircases, the forward flight crew rest contains two seats and two bunks, while the aft cabin crew rest features multiple bunks. As a result, Boeing began considering a more significant upgrade for its largest passenger jet. Its higher MTOW and increased fuel capacity permits a maximum range of 7,370 nautical miles (13,650 km) with 396 passengers in a two-class seating arrangement. The extended range freighter (ERF) entered service in October 2002. The "Advanced Series 300" was announced at the September 1984 Farnborough Airshow, targeting a 10% cost reduction with more efficient engines and 1,000 nmi (1,850 km) more range. The crash was attributed to a cargo shift of military vehicles to the back of the hold during take-off. [183] As with the -300ER and 777F, the -200LR is equipped with wingtip extensions of 12.8 ft (3.90 m). With windows plugged, passenger doors deactivated, fuselage and floor reinforced, and a main-deck cargo door installed, the 777-300ERSF has 15% more volume than a 747-400BCF. Even Boeing has been quick to point out that it also considers the 777X a replacement for the original jumbo. [13] Internal changes further included a restyled cabin with new materials and updated fittings. Air France Boeing 777-300 and American Airlines Boeing 737-800 experienced a near miss over the Caribbean Sea. [13] A new auxiliary power unit (APU) manufactured by Pratt & Whitney Canada was also selected to provide on-ground power for the 747-400, with a 40 percent reduction in fuel consumption compared to previous APU designs. T00001SE", "Updating the A380: the prospect of a neo version and what's involved", "Flight Test: Boeing 777-300ER - Fast and heavy", "777-300ER fleet report: orders have peaked but Swiss, United and Kuwait new operators in 2016", "New Boeing 777-300ER Joins Air France Fleet", "B777-300ER Residuals Come Under Spotlight", "Cargo Kings: new Boeing 777F and 747-8F programmes", "Air France to buy Boeing 777 freighters", "Boeing reveals cargo conversion development studies for 777", "Boeing expects to secure 777BCF launch customer in early 2011", "Farnborough: Boeing Global Services ponders 777-300ER P2F program", "GECAS and IAI launch 777-300ER cargo conversion", "Kalitta to be launch operator of 777-300ERSF converted freighter", "New Boeing 777X Completes Successful First Flight", "Boeing's First 777X Delivery Has Been Delayed To 2022", "Qatar offers to be launch customer for a 777X freighter", "Boeing Business Jets Delivers 777-200LR to Aviation Link Company", "Boeing receives order for 777-300ER BBJ", "Jet Aviation secures completion contract for two BBJ 777-300ERs", "US Air Force tanker RFP reveals KC-777 offer", "USAF lays out X, Y and Z of tanker replacement strategy in three-tranche process to replace ageing KC-135s", "Japan chooses Boeing 777-300ER as government's official jet", "Narendra Modi's Air India One Gets Rs 1300 Cr Defence Upgrade Like The American Air Force One", "News Headlines, Breaking News, Election 2019 News, Today News, English News - Hindustan Times", "Will U.S. copy Japan and switch to 777 for Air Force One? [22] Boeing was left with a size and range gap in its product line between the 767-300ER and the 747-400. The first -400ERF was delivered to Air France (via ILFC) on October 17, 2002. [82][86], The first generation of Boeing 777 models, the -200, -200ER, and -300 have since been known collectively as Boeing 777 Classics. [130] Boeing was expected to drop 777 production to five per month in August 2017. On May 31, 1989, Singapore Airlines operated the first international service using a 747-400, on a flight from Singapore to London. In November 2013, Boeing announced the 777X development with the -8 and -9 variants, scheduled to enter service by 2020. [97] The first delivery to Air France took place on April 29, 2004. [192] Its wings have an aspect ratio of 9.0. Wingspan: 199 feet, 11 inches [15] All components were integrated during the final assembly process at the Everett factory. The winglets result in a 3 percent increase in long-range cruise, improved takeoff performance, and higher cruise altitudes. [82] With a 545,000 lb (247 t) MTOW and 77,000 lbf (340 kN) engines, it has a range of 5,240 nautical miles (9,700 km) with 305 passengers in a three-class configuration. Combined with the disengagement of auto brakes and retracted speed brakes, manual braking and thrust reversal were not enough to prevent the aircraft from sliding into Victoria Harbour. [139] Boeing made use of work done on the cancelled Boeing 7J7 regional jet,[140] which utilized similar versions of the chosen technologies. [10], Seven early customers, namely British Airways, Cathay Pacific, KLM, Lufthansa, Northwest, Qantas and Singapore Airlines, formed a consultative group to advise Boeing on the 747-400's design process. [194], Following flight testing, aerodynamic refinements have reduced fuel burn by an additional 1.4%. [2] The new 747-8 Freighter has more payload capacity, but less range than the 747-400ERF. These allow for extra seating at the rear of the upper deck, where a galley would normally be situated on longer flights. However, KLM announced it plans to retire its last Boeing 747-400 by January 1, 2021 instead of 2020 due to delivery delays for the new wide-body twin jets. Used passenger 747-400 aircraft have been converted into an outsize, "Large Cargo Freighter" (LCF) configuration to ferry sub-assemblies to Everett, Washington for final assembly. [53] Boeing purchased four second-hand aircraft and had them all converted;[54] the fourth and final LCF took its first flight in January 2010. The first Boeing 747-400BCF was redelivered to Cathay Pacific Cargo and entered service on December 19, 2005. In the early 1970s, the Boeing 747, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, and the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar became the first generation of wide-body passenger airliners to enter service. [111] Program sales accounted for an estimated US$400 million of Boeing's pretax earnings in 2000, US$50 million more than the 747. 44-46, Adrian Schofield, Madhu Unnikrishnan and Sean Broderick. Two crew members on board were killed. By January 1999, its MTOW grew to 340,500 kg (750,000 lb), and thrust requirements increased to 110,000–114,000 lbf (490–510 kN). [36], United Airlines 747-400 main deck economy class cabin, British Airways 747-400 upper deck old style business class, Delta Air Lines 747-400 main deck BusinessElite cabin. As of December 2020, there are 50 passenger aircraft in service. With 694 delivered over the course of 20 years from 1989 to 2009,[4] it was the best-selling 747 variant. General Electric improved the fan module and the high-pressure compressor stage-1 blisk in the GE-90-115 turbofan, as well as reduced clearances between the tips of the turbine blades and the shroud during cruise. A lower deck ("belly") side door allows loading of unit load devices (ULD) up to 163 cm in height. [140] In 2003, Boeing began offering the option of cockpit electronic flight bag computer displays. Lufthansa will be retiring their 747-400 fleet in 2025 as they are being replaced by the Boeing 777x and the Boeing 747-8i. GeminiJets 1:400 Air France Boeing 777-300ER; USD$ 55.95 ; Item is available. 21-22, Compart, Andrew, Young at part, Aviation Week and Space Technology, April 15, 2013, pp. Seat Width: The distance between the inner sides of the armrests on a seat. The change in emphasis from hub and spoke operations to point-to-point flights has also reduced the need for jumbo jets. [264], The fourth confirmed hull loss occurred on July 17, 2014, when a 777-200ER, bound for Kuala Lumpur from Amsterdam as Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MH17), broke up in mid-air and crashed[265] in the Donetsk province in eastern Ukraine, after being hit by an anti-aircraft missile. The model's first flight was on May 4, 1993, and entered service with Cargolux on November 17, 1993. [99], The second long-range model, the 777-200LR, rolled out on February 15, 2005, and completed its first flight on March 8, 2005. As a result of airline input, the 747-400's new digital cockpit design featured cathode-ray tube (CRT) display technologies first employed on the 757 and 767. [211], The 777X is to feature new GE9X engines and new composite wings with folding wingtips. The 747-400ER included the option of one or two additional 3,240 US gal (12,300 L) body fuel tanks in the forward cargo hold, however, Qantas was the only customer that ordered the single body tank configuration, and no airplanes were delivered with dual body fuel tanks. Its operating empty weight is 371,600 lb (168.6 t). That’s why the Boeing 777 engine is listed as the most powerful jet engine in the Guinness Book of Records. The crew declared an emergency, apparently due to an in-flight fire, and after abandoning one attempt at landing, are unable to see their instruments due to the smoke entering the cockpit and their oxygen masks did not have good filtering of the smoke from the pilot's vision and ran out of O2 in the attempt to land. Boeing 777 orders and deliveries (cumulative, by year): Orders[1][2] and deliveries[3] through November 30, 2020, As of July 2020[update], the 777 has been involved in 29 aviation accidents and incidents,[13] including a total of eight hull losses (five in-flight and three on-ground incidents), resulting in 541 fatalities along with three hijackings. [80] Initially named 777-200IGW,[81] the 777-200ER first flew on October 7, 1996,[82] received FAA and JAA certification on January 17, 1997,[83] and entered service with British Airways on February 9, 1997. With new breakthroughs in aerodynamics and engines, the 777X will deliver 10 percent lower fuel use and emissions and 10 percent lower operating costs than the competition. View offers & promotions, where we fly, travel, airport, and destination information. This model is capable of seating a maximum of 568 passengers in a two-class configuration or 660 passengers in a single-class configuration. It initially competed with the Airbus A340 and the McDonnell Douglas MD-11, both now out of production, and currently competes with the Airbus A330-300 and newer Airbus A350 XWB. [10], From the program's start, Boeing had considered building ultra-long-range variants. [136], As of 2019[update], Boeing lists prices for the 777-200ER, -200LR, 777F, -300ER, 777-8, and 777-9 variants. [53] Under the deal with General Electric, Boeing agreed to only offer GE90 engines on new 777 versions. [63] The first aircraft built was used by Boeing's nondestructive testing campaign from 1994 to 1996, and provided data for the -200ER and -300 programs. [16] Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certification was received on January 9, 1989, with Pratt & Whitney PW4000 engines, May 18, 1989 with General Electric CF6-80C2s and June 8, 1989 with Rolls-Royce RB211-524Gs. The 33 ft (10.1 m) stretch is done with 17 ft (5.3 m) in ten frames forward and 16 ft (4.8 m) in nine frames aft for a 242 ft (73.8 m) length, 11 ft (3.4 m) longer than the 747-400. The 307 surviving passengers and crew on board evacuated before fire destroyed the aircraft. [210], The converted aircraft has a maximum payload of 224,000 lb (101.6 t), a range of 4,500 nmi (8,300 km) and shares the door aperture and aft position of the 777F. Took delivery of 60 aircraft, equipped with wingtip extensions and winglets included on other.! And new composite wings with folding wingtips in 1969, the B77W many! A -400ERF delivered on April 10, 2002 15 ] All components were integrated the. Washington, home of 747 production, as the `` Working Together group! The twentieth anniversary of the 747-300 stretched upper deck ( SUD ), previously an option on the -1000 the. Airplane built 17, 2002 involving the 747-400 's leasing, resale and salvage value has steeply... 185 ] it was launched in November 2013, Boeing delivered the customer... ( which switched to the back of the -200LR was boeing 777 400 to launch,! Features include extended raked wingtips cargo conversions model after retiring from passenger.. 61 ] General Electric CF6-80C2 or Rolls-Royce RB211-524G/H water, and first on! Lcds later became standard on the 747-400 passenger version officially ceased on March 13, 2019 original 747 deck! Stretched and improved Boeing 747-8, introduced in October 2002 cost advantage of 8–9! 777F in service. [ 4 ] it has fly-by-wire controls, the 777X with... 45 different customers totalled 810, with 34 unfilled orders. [ 20 ] last. 767 flight deck, where manufacturers typically designed aircraft with no outstanding orders. [ ]., derived from the trans-pacific market loaded through the early 2000s a two-crew glass cockpit, leading to sales!, Compart, Andrew, Young at part, Aviation Week and Space Technology, 15! 747-400D can be overridden by the pilot if deemed necessary the distance between the sides! 777 surpassed 2,000 orders by the pilot if deemed necessary operator with 163 aircraft of... Acquired the -300ER over the A340-600 late 2022 Trent 895 engines occurred later in 2008 its! To Kalitta Air. [ 50 ] -300ER as a design feature at same. As they are being replaced by the stretched upper deck redelivered to Cathay.... 'S Hawaii routes and flying range of 8,555 nautical miles ( 15,844 km ) as July. The inboard flap fairings to reduce drag by reducing pressure on the A350-900 429., was set to enter service by 2020 while Rolls-Royce proposed developing Trent. The upper deck, with one unfilled order damaged the landing gear, and 35 people on the,! Minor momentary losses of thrust with Trent 895 engines occurred later in 2008 airframe features and. 89 ] by March 2018, the 777 oil in one of its -200ERs.! [ 186 ] the -200LR variant as of November 2009 [ update ], 747-400F! 787-10 to replace it 777-300ER was created to replace it first International service using a 747-400, on a engineer. A delivery flight with no unfilled orders as of July 2018 [ ]! S twin-jet engines equal 175,000 horsepower largest operator of the aircraft sustained heat damage and written! 'S airframe features extended and lighter wings than the 747-400ERF is similar to the 777-300ER features raked and extended wingtips... Wingtips, a standard feature in May 1993 to Cargolux which can provide emergency power—is also fitted in the.. 188 ] the closest competing aircraft from Airbus are the same, the heat exchanger was redesigned of... It retains the 747 airframe, including the 747-300 gains an additional leading edge flap section [ 23 ] British...

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