Alkalinity values below 50 mg/l are Determine how much copper sulfate you need. The water is high in salinity. You will need to mix about 1 gallon of the liquid with 10 gallons of water, and this is good per one surface acre of water. The solution can be mixed into the pond or lake using an agitator, or sprayed over the water with a broadcast spreader. Dealing with an aquatic plant problem almost always requires more than one management Again, do not exceed a maximum of 2 ppm, depending on your water’s alkalinity (if the alkalinity is less than 50 ppm, don’t apply any copper products at all!). levels well above the calculated rate. As the least costly aquatic herbicide, copper sulfate pentahydrate (Figure 1) is widely Copper and chlorine are two good and readily available options. Say, for example, that you have a one acre pond. Short‐term and long‐term effects have occurred. Depending on where you’re located, you may be able to purchase some triploid grass carp, which will readily eat the weeds (but usually won’t do much in the first year as they adjust to the new habitat) – but you’ll have to make certain that these are legal to have in your area, and be sure to get only the triploid variety as these are sterile and cannot breed out of control. I treated the algae with copper sulfate crystals. You would mix 5 pounds of granular copper sulfate with 3 gallons of hot water, then spray it over half of your pond, wait a few days, and spray the other half. When algal cells die, they break open releasing phosphorous Copper sulfate is known to build up once used, and can cause runoff water to become potentially hazardous to those who encounter it. Glad to hear you found the article helpful! as it’s carried on the wind effortlessly due to its tiny size. Copper sulfate powder, or dust, is very small and therefore easily distributed. 360 Aquatic Weed Manage- used to determine when it is safe exception of copper sulfate) have ment - Control Methods and No. A quick reference the most important issues when using aquatic herbicides. I spread 7.5 lbs each on two different occurances. I would also treat one side, wait a week and then do the other side of the pond. Be certain you have a problem plant that will respond to copper sulfate before deciding Marley BeemAssistant Extension Specialist, Natural Resources and Aquaculture. Spray ½ of your pond. -Hydrothol granular herbicide (label information here: https://www.midwestaquacare.com/media/wysiwyg/pdfs/Hydrothol-granular-label.pdf) -Aquathol Super K granular herbicide (faster release, and will harm other plants, but doesn’t persist in the environment long enough to harm fish: http://www.cdms.net/ldat/ld2AE004.pdf) -Copper sulfate has also been found to be fairly effective against sago pondweed. The greatest risk to fish from the use of copper sulfate is killing too much plant Crystal, or granular, copper sulfate should typically be dosed at five pounds per acre. The liquid variety only treats the first 1 to 3 feet of water, so is best suited to treating floating surface algae. Approximately one pound of straw for every 2,000 gallons of water will work just fine, making sure that you break apart and fluff up the straw so that water can still flow through it and not lead to water stagnation. For this reason, while copper has historically been used to treat various ailments, copper sulfate should not make contact with your skin or be ingested. I could add one and then administer the copper sulfate here but am unsure of the most appropriate way to do so. I sell Copper Sulfate for water treatment plants to keep algae under control in the basins and kill algae coming in from the source water. Some familiar filamentous algae species are blanketweed or watersilk (spirogyra), horsehair algae (pithophora), and cotton algae (cladophora). Dosing for Granular Copper: Application for Granular Copper on a 1 acre pond: 5lbs per acre foot Mix 5lbs of granular copper sulfate with 3 gallons of hot water. Copper Sulfate Application & Dosing For Ponds & Lakes. Marley Beem, Copper Sulfate – An Often Overused Chemical in Pond Management. Learn how your comment data is processed. It’s water soluble so it breaks down quickly and easily when placed in water. The application varies depending on how much water you treating. Beneficial bacteria such as our all natural, PlanktoniX beneficial bacteria pond cleaner , breaks down organic matter in the pond including silt, sludge, decaying plants, etc. Copper sulfate is, ironically, very toxic to fish, moderately toxic to birds, very toxic to invertebrates like snails, crustaceans, and insect larvae, as well as mammals if too much of the water is consumed or direct contact with the chemical is made. After weighing the amount of copper sulfate needed to treat the volume of your water, mix it in water, making sure that it all dissolves. UT Extension Becky Muller, Ron Blair and Jeff Via Copper Sulfate/Ponds ft.) $39.95 Copper Sulfate 15 pounds (treats 60,000 sq. (8,000 cu. can grow back quickly following herbicide applications. Decay of plant material uses scarce dissolved oxygen, leading to fish suffocation. These trials indicate copper sulfate can be used as an effective treatment against ram’s horn snails in commercial channel catfish production ponds. When organisms such as algae become a problem in private or commercial fish ponds, copper sulfate treatment provides an inexpensive solution. A first person speech about wanting to understand pond maintenance. Keeping oxygen levels to a minimum of 6 ppm will provide a healthy environment for your fish while also helping to minimize algal growth. it typically grows back rapidly. Lake and Pond management Don't Use Copper Sulfate!! Neve… Fish populations in waters with total alkalinity values below 50 ppm (= mg/l, milligrams/liter) are sensitive to copper and may die if copper sulfate is used to treat algae. I have a 16 acre by 6 foot deep Water Ski- lake and need to control submerged weeds and want to know what is an economical product to do this that is safe to skiers we only have minnows in the lake no fish. The weeds we are trying to control are sago pond weeds I think! Another straightforward method is to utilize air pumps. I’ll look into creating an article on naiad in future. If there are fish in the pond and the algae and aquatic plants cover a pond suddenly, copper … Copper sulfate is used as an algicide in farm ponds and can be used in watering tanks. Crystal Blue Copper Sulfate can be applied using 2 1 / 2 to 4 lbs per acre foot. However, improper application of copper sulfate can create more problems than it solves. The presence of some algae is natural and even necessary for proper ecosystem functioning. Pondinformer.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, amazon.ca, and amazon.co.uk. Email this product to a friend. These will incorporate oxygen into the water while also keeping the water moving; algae is able to thrive in still, low oxygen waters. Ponds and lakes face significant challenges in sustaining a healthy ecosystem. of Copper Sulfate Crystal per 60,000 gals. Say, for example, that you have a one acre pond. You can find more information on algae types here – https://pondinformer.com/pond-algae-types-guide/. The powder will need to first be mixed with water, and application options are the same as with crystal copper sulfate. Apply 1 to 2 lbs. Some fish species (like plecos and Siamese algae eaters) are also known to consume algae and have been successfully used to treat slight to moderate algae issues while preventing future overgrowths. (Hibernation Explained). It is recommended to treat your dugouts in the spring, summer, and fall or two times of the year. Within about 48 hours after application, the algae should be brown and dead or dying. while channel catfish and largemouth bass are at much less risk, being able to tolerate Yes, copper sulfate is toxic to plants. You can also utilize barely straw, which exudes a chemical as it breaks down that deters algal growth. Sago can become very weedy (as you’re obviously aware! For this reason, an OSU Irrigation Water test is recommended so Total Alkalinity can It also readily soaks up excess nutrients like phosphorous and helps prevent algae and bacterial blooms, while the roots stabilize the sediment and prevent erosion or cloudy water. Yes, copper sulfate is very highly toxic to invertebrates such as crab, shrimp and oysters. Copper sulfate crystals can be fine or coarse. The American Journal of Public Health recommends using copper sulfate in swimming pools only as a method to control growth of algae; therefore it should not be used as part of your regular pool chemical treatment. This won’t remove all of the roots, though, and new plants are likely to re-emerge, but it will help control the population if you repeat this each year in the spring. They Liquid copper sulfate is best applied by using a broadcast sprayer. Be certain of the identity It’s also effective at treating areas for the organisms responsible swimmers itch, as well as parasites like leeches and ich. Figure 1. With the latter method, wind direction and speed is key – you would not want to spray the chemical on a day with high wind speeds, or wind that is blowing away from the pond or lake. Copper-based liquid aquatic herbicides offer some advantages Data collected since treatment of the Fairmont Lakes began in 1921 provide alarming insights into lake responses to sustained chemical treatment with copper sulfate. of any aquatic weed before selecting a herbicide. The above procedure can also be Herbicide treatments (with the tions No. I couldn’t tell from your description if I should use a total of 5 pounds for the entire pond – or split the 5 pounds to accomplish dosing the pond over 2 applications. AddThis Sharing Buttons. If you have any of these in your freshwater aquarium, you should not use copper sulfate to treat a snail infestation because they will die too. human consumption with zero withdrawal time. For example, some algal organisms, like diatoms, produce oxygen; as much as 40% of the oxygen that we breathe and depend upon for life is produced by diatoms. If looking for EPA labeled copper sulfate simply add EPA to your search on Amazon. practice over multiple years. into harmless chemicals. ft.) of water. (Pump Calculator Guide), How to Control Pond & Lake Weeds Cheaply (Best Methods), https://pondinformer.com/pond-algae-types-guide/, https://www.midwestaquacare.com/media/wysiwyg/pdfs/Hydrothol-granular-label.pdf, https://plants.usda.gov/factsheet/pdf/fs_stpe15.pdf, https://aquaplant.tamu.edu/management-options/sago-pondweed/, 10 Best Shrubs for Pond Edges 2020 (Top Pond Bushes), How to Plant & Grow Water Buttercup (Ranunculus lingua grandiflora), How to Plant & Grow Willow Moss (Fontinalis antipyretica), 13 Shade Loving Plants for Around Ponds [Updated], How to Plant & Grow Common Cowslip (Primula veris), How to Plant & Grow Flowering Rush (Butomus umbellatus), How to Plant & Grow American Water Willow (Justicia americana), Water Poppy Facts, Care & Planting Guide (Hydrocleys nymphoides), Best Pond Dye 2020 (Reviews & Comparison), Can Plecos Live in Outdoor Ponds? Should I Buy (or Retain) Stockers to Graze Wheat Pasture? Copper sulfate, a pesticide used to respond to a wide variety of pests, can be unsafe to fish in ponds or other bodies of water. If your water is below 60°, you’ll need to apply a greater dose of the chemical for it to work, as algae will be less responsive to the product below this temperature. potential for damage to wildlife as it is a toxic substance, What Size Pond Pump Do I Need? combined with other management methods. “bluestone”) on hand. I would also lean towards applying a conservative amount of CS rather than a liberal amount. Flush … Copper Sulfate - 5 pounds (treats 20,000 sq. with copper sulfate include: Choose only those measures which fit the pond circumstances and the owner’s preferences. Treatments can be combined with spray or bubble aeration to alleviate low oxygen problems. Multiple years, it of course begins to break down, and typically used when there large! Manually or with a vacuum to prevent oxygen depletion once, as well as parasites like and. 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